Évolution à 15 ans de la prévalence du syndrome d’épuisement professionnel chez les médecins généralistes de la Loire

Abstract : Objective: Assess the evolution of the prevalence of burnout syndrome among general practitioners of the Loire region (France) at fifteen years. Methods: A questionnaire was sent by e-mail to 299 general practitioners. It consisted of 3 parts: the first part concerned the demographic characteristics such as age, sex, time when their installed, type of practice, number of hours of weekly work; a second part concerned the Maslach Burnout Inventory; a third part concerned the feelings of physicians about the evolution of burnout. The responses were collected anonymously and the results were compared to those of a 2003 study in the same geographical area. Results: Eighty doctors answered (response rate 27 %). Mean scores for the three dimensions of the burnout syndrome were for emotional exhaustion of 21.72 ± 11.95, for depersonalization of 8.78 ± 6.85, for professional accomplishment of 38.18. ± 6.54. A high score in all dimensions affected 5 % of respondents. The comparison of the average scores of the MBI scale between 2003 and 2018 found for the score of emotional exhaustion a result |t| = 0.06 (95 % CI, [-1.96, 1.96]); for the mean score of depersonalization a result |t| = 0.48 (95 % CI, [-1.96, 1.96]); for the mean score of professional achievement |t| = 0.77 (95 % CI, [-1.96, 1.96]). Discussion: The prevalence of burnout syndrome has not varied among general practitioners in fifteen years despite prevention and changes in practice.
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Master Thesis
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Alexandre Tabone. Évolution à 15 ans de la prévalence du syndrome d’épuisement professionnel chez les médecins généralistes de la Loire. Médecine humaine et pathologie. 2018. ⟨dumas-01926934⟩

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