Implantation du microbiote du nouveau-né : connaissances et rôles des sages-femmes

Abstract : Purpose of the study: Identify and analyze the midwives’ roles in microbiota colonization. Make a state of the midwives’ knowledge about microbiota. Materials and method: This study was conducted according to the methodology of a literature review associated with a survey. Thirteen articles published between 2007 and 2017 were analyzed using grids of reading and data analysis, and selected then classified in synoptic tables. The survey was conducted with midwives practicing in maternity (France: Marseille / Vitrolles, levels I, II, III) and students from the École Universitaire de Maïeutique Marseille Méditerranée (EU3M). Results: Antibiotic exposure, mode of delivery, diet, environment, gestational age, birth weight, skin-to-skin and genetics influence microbiota colonization. The basic knowledge about microbiota appears to be acquired but needs to be consolidated. The survey reveals better mastered knowledge among students than practicing midwives about microbiota, topic less relevant a few years ago. Conclusion: The study highlighted the factors influencing the microbiota colonization, and defined the midwife’s roles in this process. Raising awareness among midwives, both before and after graduation, is necessary to keep up to date knowledge based on current science and literature data.
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Master Thesis
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https://dumas.ccsd.cnrs.fr/dumas-01945133
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Submitted on : Wednesday, December 5, 2018 - 10:41:00 AM
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Meriem Bendriss. Implantation du microbiote du nouveau-né : connaissances et rôles des sages-femmes. Pédiatrie. 2018. ⟨dumas-01945133⟩

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