Anthropologie de la maladie : regard des gens de Maré sur le diabète de type II

Abstract : The aim of this study was to understand what were the "Maré's inhabitants" (New Caledonia) representations on diabetis, a trully recognized social health issue in the Pacific. 29 diabetic patients have agreed to participate to this study, based on anthropologic discussions. The culture has a view on the disease. Illness for the Westeners, diabetis doesn't fit in any known nosologic frame in the melanesian culture. The kanaks percieve diabetis as a social imbalanced event, implying a quest of a mean in their cosmogony. Diabetis doesn't affect the individual but the group (family, clan, tribe). The origins of the disorder are multiple. One of them is known as the "boucan", mainly based on jalousy. It's then easier to understand the medical pluralism of New Caledonia. On one hand the kanaks attend the occidental medicine as diabetis belongs to the "new diseases" imported by the white people, and on the other hand they would also consult the "witchdoctor" in order to find a mean of their diabetis and treat accordingly the act of witchcraft. The representations of diabetis in this population is strongly impregnated by its culture.
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Master Thesis
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Romain Kuhm. Anthropologie de la maladie : regard des gens de Maré sur le diabète de type II. Médecine humaine et pathologie. 2009. ⟨dumas-01945979⟩



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