Grossesse et automédication : recours à l’automédication pendant la grossesse et connaissances des femmes enceintes

Abstract : Summary: Self-medication is a practice in full swing in pregnant women. However it is not without risk in pregnancy. This prospective, multicenter study performed with 103 pregnant women intends to search the reasons encouraging them to self-medicate and describe their knowledge about self-medication. Objectives: to determine the reason to opts for self-medication during pregnancy, to identify the types of drugs and their dosages and describe the type of population concerned. To describe the knowledge of pregnant women about self-medication during pregnancy, identify the sources of information and identify the information given by health professionals. Methods: questionnaires were distributed in prenatal services for two months in two University hospitals, in a private hospital and two liberal cabinets in Southeast France. Results: 58,3 % of them use over-the-counter medication during pregnancy. High level of education was significantly associated with an increase over-the-counter medication use (p=0,047). Pregnant women reported to self-medicate basically by recognition of symptoms and ways to treat them and because they don’t have any time to consult a healthcare professional. In most cases, the drugs are “comfort drug”. The drugs have been consumed at usual dosages but the duration of taking the treatment was not specified. Pregnant women took some advice from the pharmacist or to a member of the entourage and additional information by reading the manual or by searching on the internet when they decide to self-medicate. Finally, 44.6% of the women interweaved have not received information on self-medication in pregnancy by healthcare professionals. Conclusion: a significant number of pregnant women indulged in the practice of using over-the-counter medication. So, it is necessary that health professionals be sensitized to give information about the use of self-medication during pregnancy.
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https://dumas.ccsd.cnrs.fr/dumas-01946704
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Mbahouwa Hamadi. Grossesse et automédication : recours à l’automédication pendant la grossesse et connaissances des femmes enceintes. Gynécologie et obstétrique. 2018. ⟨dumas-01946704⟩

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