Relation Taille-Travail-Spécialisation-Equipement (mécanisation) : avantages/particularités des systèmes en polyculture-élevage

Abstract : Mixed crop-livestock (MC-L) farming systems are usually regarded as a source of potential economic and environmental benefits. However, economic advantages of MC-L systems are not obvious, especially on mechanization expenses. This study aims to analyze the relation between farm size, work, specialization level and equipment with a focus on mechanization expenses in order to know particularities of MC-L farming systems. An analyze of economic and environmental data of 66 farms, from a Charolais-area cattle farm network, showed that MC-L are larger in area, have more workers and cattle than specialized farms. Expected economies of scale and scope on mechanization are not verified. Qualitative interviews have been conducted in order to understand the farmers choices about mechanization. There is a lack of knowledge on this kind of expense. Farmers think having equipment with cooperatives for the use of agricultural equipment (CUMA) is cheaper, but in fact, farmers who have a lot of equipment in cooperative have more mechanization expenses per hectare than those having their own equipment. Many options exist to control mechanization costs, for example, new technologies could help farmers to have a better mechanization management and efficient equipment sharing.
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Marie Charleuf. Relation Taille-Travail-Spécialisation-Equipement (mécanisation) : avantages/particularités des systèmes en polyculture-élevage. Sciences du Vivant [q-bio]. 2018. ⟨dumas-01955528⟩

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