État des lieux des connaissances des lycéennes dans des établissements puydômois sur la première consultation gynécologique

Abstract : Background : The first gynaecological consultation usually takes place in adolescence, when the body is changing rapidly. It is therefore an important moment, which must be prepared to reduce anxieties and positively influence future follow-up. However, a number of women only consult in case of problems and young people are among the least followed up in gynaecology. This study therefore focused on the knowledge of adolescent girls about the first gynaecological consultation and the factors influencing this knowledge. Population and method : A cross-sectionnal study was carried out from the beginning of April to the beginning of June 2017 in two public high schools in Puy-de-Dôme. The volunteer high school students replied to an anonymous self-questionnaire. A score of knowledge marked out of twenty-seven points has been established. Results : The participation rate was 82.5%. The study showed disparities between high school girls with scores ranging from three to twenty-six points. On the whole, the modalities and conduct of consultation and of gynaecological examination were poorly mastered areas. However, the sector, the class, the information received by professionals or by the entourage and the antecedent of gynaecological consultation seemed to have a favorable influence on knowledge. Conclusion : Adolescent girls' knowledge of gynaecological follow-up needs to be improved. This must go through information mastered by both professionals – including information and education sessions about emotional and sexual life – and the entourage.
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Anaïs Massé. État des lieux des connaissances des lycéennes dans des établissements puydômois sur la première consultation gynécologique. Médecine humaine et pathologie. 2018. ⟨dumas-01962599⟩

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