Prévalence du diabète de type 2 chez les apiculteurs réunionnais

Abstract : Introduction: Reunion Island is a numerous rooted island where tradition and modernity stand and live together as well as in the medical area. Health Department proposes an Ethnomedecine College Diploma. In addition of completing and optimising the doctor's skills, this training gives the ability to recognize the plants that are used in the traditional reunionese pharmacopeia and leads the practician into meeting many actors like beekeepers, a few studied population. In Reunion Island, Type 2 diabetes prevalence is at first national rank. The main purpose of this study was to evaluate the type 2 diabetes prevalence in the beekeeper population of Reunion Island. Method: A quantitative, descriptive, transversal epidemiologic study by anonymous self-questionnaire was conducted from the membership lists of the various beekeeping organizations of the island, from April 20 th to August 10 th of 2018. This study has permited a sanitary and socio-demographic description of the Reunion Island beekeeping population. Results: 109 beekeepers were included into the study. Sex ratio is of 3,3, Age average 49,8 +/- 12,6 years, dwelling place and beekeeping-activity location are mainly set at the South sector of the island at 45% and 46,8%. Leisure beekeeping activity has the majority at 75,2%. Type 2 diabetes prevalence is of 5,5% (CI 95 % [1,22-9,79]). Conclusion: Type 2 diabetes prevalence is lower among the Reunion Island beekeeper population (5,5 %) than in the entire Reunion Island population.
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Master Thesis
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Marjorie Garma. Prévalence du diabète de type 2 chez les apiculteurs réunionnais. Médecine humaine et pathologie. 2018. ⟨dumas-01970252⟩

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