Épidémie de gastro-entérite d’origine hydrique survenue à Capbreton en février 2016 : retour d’expérience des médecins généralistes exerçant sur le secteur impacté

Abstract : Waterborne gastroenteritis outbreaks are currently underdetected in France. General practitioners are in the first line to detect and early report those outbreaks to the health authorities. The feedback from the general practitioners working in Capbreton, who faced a waterborne gastroenteritis outbreak on februrary 2016, has been the subject of a qualitative study using semi-directed interviews. 11 general practitioners out of 13, working in the impacted area have been interviewed. Detecting this outbreak was difficult because it could easily be confused with a usual gastro-enteritis outbreak. Furthermore, the general practitioners didn’t get any training about waterborne outbreaks which has limited their ability to detect the outbreak early. Moreover, they weren’t used to interact with the health authorities. The reporting procedure and the function of the ARS weren’t sufficiently known and it was a brake on the realization of the report. To improve the detection of waterborne outbreaks, it is clearly necessary to better educate the general practitioner about the risk of waterborne outbreaks and also to promote the reporting procedure by reinforcing partnership between the health authorities and the general practitioners.
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Master Thesis
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Elsa Lefort. Épidémie de gastro-entérite d’origine hydrique survenue à Capbreton en février 2016 : retour d’expérience des médecins généralistes exerçant sur le secteur impacté. Médecine humaine et pathologie. 2018. ⟨dumas-01970447⟩

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