Analyse qualitative de l'expérience de l'allaitement maternel vécue par le couple

Abstract : Background: the World Health Organization recommands exclusive breastfeeding during the child's first six months up to the age of 2. There is a big gap between breastfeeding rates in France and these recommandations based on numerous and universally known benefits of breastfeeding. Our work main aim was to understand the meaning given to the breastfeeding phenomenon by the couple. We both wanted to underline the special father´s place and list all the other elements involved in this phenomenon. Methods: a qualitative study by semi-directed interviews of couples with an in -depth questioning of the parents knowing at least one experience of breastfeeding. After saturation of the data, a phenomenological analysis of the whole transcribed verbatim brought out categories. Results: thirteen couple interviews were made From August 15 th 2017 to January 23 rd 2018 . The couple principally chooses breastfeeding because of its benefits on their child´s health. Generally speaking, the mother´s feeling about breastfeeding is rather positive, the fathers´feelings are various. Some of these fathers were very interested and contributed to its success; others stood back ,though they were friendly. However, those who felt excluded could be prejudicial to the conduct of the experience. We have noticed that some elements may influence breastfeeding, specially the parental model, the father's implication, smoking and a previous nice experience of this way of feeding. Conclusion: our study pointed out two great ideas : the father's importance in the phenomenon and the importance of developping health professional training ,especially for the family doctor who gives advices on breastfeeding.
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Master Thesis
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Florence Corré. Analyse qualitative de l'expérience de l'allaitement maternel vécue par le couple. Médecine humaine et pathologie. 2018. ⟨dumas-01970448⟩

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