Nouvelle législation sur la vaccination : les réactions et le vécu de la population générale. Une étude qualitative réalisée auprès de la population française

Abstract : Introduction : in January 2018, legislation on vaccination was introduced, makes some vaccines previously recommended, mandatory for children born from January 1, 2018. The negative returns to the reform, and vaccination in general, are becoming more and more present, particularly in consultations. Objective : to understand the different mechanisms of thoughts of the general population regarding this new vaccination obligation. Material and Method : qualitative study. Collection of data by semi-structured interviews, according to a qualitative interview guide. With people recruited step by step. Double coding of data, and analysis according to the method of anchored theorization to lead to the construction of a model. Results : Initial opinions are the basis of reflection around reform. These opinions are relative to oneself and to others and society in general. They allow the public to make a choice, or no choice, in relation to this legislation, and to make proposals, in parallel or in the place of the reform. Some have not yet decided or issue conditions. There are external factors that influence the final decision: experiences and beliefs, social relations with family and physicians, dissemination of heterodox theories, logistics and communication about reform with the internet and the media. Conclusion : the total membership of the population would be an unrealistic goal, but we can hope to mobilize a larger part of the population. We, as a physician, can probably act on some of the determinants of this membership. But the action of the general practitioner alone can not suffice. An equalization of vaccine recommendations and obligations at European level could be a way to explore.
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Claire Le Deun, Jean-Andréa Izard. Nouvelle législation sur la vaccination : les réactions et le vécu de la population générale. Une étude qualitative réalisée auprès de la population française. Sciences du Vivant [q-bio]. 2018. ⟨dumas-01976943⟩

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