Exploration of synergies and trade-offs between ecosystem services on farms in France’s marshy Atlantic coastal area

Abstract : Relationships among ecosystem services were investigated at farm level. Firstly, a literature review based on 33 articles provided an overview of synergies, antagonisms and trade-offs between ecosystem services. Secondly, interviews were held during the spring of 2018 with 8 farmers in French Atlantic marshy coast area (in the departments of Charente-Maritime and Deux-Sèvres) who managed different types of farming systems (e.g. organic and conventional systems; suckler and dairy cattle breeding). The interview phase anchored this study in a local context, which also induced specific synergies and trade-offs related to this context (i.e. drainage issues, heritage landscape maintenance, Maraîchines breeding, management of reed beds). The results analysis highlighted the fact that synergies occurred mostly among regulation services and that trade-offs generally involved a production service and another category (i.e. regulation or cultural services). Considering the farmers’ perspective, it seemed that farmer’s personal dimensions (i.e. personal values and objectives) and their global environment (i.e. natural, economic, legal and social/societal environments) were decisive in their decisions. Overall, this farm-level study has furthered an understanding of the farmers’ decision process and its impact on ecosystem services provision in terms of both the biophysical and the sociological dimensions.
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Master Thesis
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Ariane Courcier. Exploration of synergies and trade-offs between ecosystem services on farms in France’s marshy Atlantic coastal area. Life Sciences [q-bio]. 2018. ⟨dumas-02007853⟩

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