Utilisation du cheval lors de la prise en charge des personnes post-AVC en ergothérapie

Abstract : Introduction: In France, with 130,000 new cases a year, strokes are a public health problem and the leading cause of acquired disability in adults. The resulting deficiencies affect the independence and autonomy of these people. According to several studies, the use of horses in therapy enables the development of capacities improving independence and autonomy. The objective of my study was to know to what extent occupational therapy with horses could improve the independence and autonomy of these people. Method: To conduct this study, a qualitative approach was chosen. Three occupational therapists who take care of stroke patients using horses wereinterviewed. Results: The results showed that therapeutic activities with horses enabled,through various exercises and activities, the development of upper limb abilities (motor and sensory), balance, walking, cognitive abilities, self-confidence, body image, etc. These skills were transposed into daily life and enabled a better autonomy and independence. Nevertheless, we can’t know the impact of these activities on multidisciplinary care. Conclusion: In occupational therapy, horses can be used as a means of rehabilitation, in addition to conventional therapies, to develop various skills. Among other things, a better use of the upper limb or a better balance allow for a better autonomy and independence in everyday life. On the other hand, this activity cannot under any circumstances replace multidisciplinary work.
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Célia Goutain. Utilisation du cheval lors de la prise en charge des personnes post-AVC en ergothérapie. Sciences du Vivant [q-bio]. 2018. ⟨dumas-02024656⟩

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