, ACOG Practice Bulletin No. 141: management of menopausal symptoms, ACOG Practice Bulletin, vol.123, issue.141, pp.202-218, 2014.

F. Agha-hosseini, I. Mirzaii-dizgah, A. Mansourian, and M. Khayamzadeh, Relationship of stimulated saliva 17beta-estradiol and oral dryness feeling in menopause, Maturitas, vol.62, issue.2, pp.197-206, 2009.

R. Albuquerque, R. De-leeuw, C. R. Carlson, J. P. Okeson, C. S. Miller et al., Cerebral activation during thermal stimulation of patients who have burning mouth disorder: an fMRI study, Pain, vol.122, issue.3, pp.223-257, 2006.

Å. Amandusson and A. Blomqvist, Estrogenic influences in pain processing, Front Neuroendocrinol, vol.34, issue.4, pp.329-378, 2013.

R. Aravindhan, S. Vidyalakshmi, M. S. Kumar, C. Satheesh, A. M. Balasubramanium et al., Burning mouth syndrome: A review on its diagnostic and therapeutic approach, J Pharm Bioallied Sci, vol.6, issue.1, pp.21-26, 2014.

N. Attal, Les douleurs neuropathiques: avancées cliniques et thérapeutiques, Journée d'information, 2005.

R. M. Basker, D. W. Sturdee, and J. C. Davenport, Patients with burning mouths. A clinical investigation of causative factors, including the climacteric and diabetes, Br Dent J, vol.145, issue.1, pp.9-16, 1978.

D. A. Bereiter and K. Okamoto, Neurobiology of estrogen status in deep craniofacial pain, International Review of Neurobiology, pp.251-84, 2011.

R. Bi, Y. Ding, and Y. Gan, A new hypothesis of sex-differences in temporomandibular disorders: Estrogen enhances hyperalgesia of inflamed TMJ through modulating voltagegated sodium channel 1.7 in trigeminal ganglion? Med Hypotheses, vol.84, pp.100-103, 2015.

Y. Boucher, V. Descroix, and . Stomatodynie-idiopathique, Douleurs Eval -Diagn -Trait, vol.16, issue.2, pp.86-98, 2015.

Y. Boucher, R. Felizardo, A. H. Klein, M. I. Carstens, and E. Carstens, Gustatory modulation of the responses of trigeminal subnucleus caudalis neurons to noxious stimulation of the tongue in rats, Eur J Neurosci, vol.38, issue.6, pp.2812-2834, 2013.

Y. Boucher, C. T. Simons, M. I. Carstens, and E. Carstens, Effects of gustatory nerve transection and/or ovariectomy on oral capsaicin avoidance in rats, Pain, vol.155, issue.4, pp.814-834, 2014.

A. Braud, B. Touré, S. Agbo-godeau, V. Descroix, and Y. Boucher, Characteristics of pain assessed with visual analog scale and questionnaire in burning mouth syndrome patients: a pilot study, J Orofac Pain, vol.27, issue.3, pp.235-277, 2013.

B. E. Cairns, The influence of gender and sex steroids on craniofacial nociception, Headache J Head Face Pain, vol.47, issue.2, pp.319-324, 2007.

C. A. Cornil, G. F. Ball, and J. Balthazart, Functional significance of the rapid regulation of brain estrogens: Where do the estrogens come from?, Brain Res, vol.1126, issue.1, pp.2-26, 2006.

R. M. Craft, Modulation of pain by estrogens: Pain, vol.132, pp.3-12, 2007.

A. Craig, A new view of pain as a homeostatic emotion, Trends Neurosci, vol.26, issue.6, pp.303-310, 2003.

A. Craig, How do you feel--now? The anterior insula and human awareness, Nat Rev Neurosci, vol.10, issue.1, pp.59-70, 2009.

V. Descroix and Y. Boucher, Douleurs orofaciales idiopathiques, étiologies, physiopathologie et propositions thérapeutiques, Douleur Analgésie, vol.29, issue.1, pp.2-9, 2016.

P. Dutt, S. R. Chaudhary, and P. Kumar, Oral Health and Menopause: A Comprehensive Review on Current Knowledge and Associated Dental Management, Ann Med Health Sci Res

C. Feinmann and M. Harris, Psychogenic facial pain. Part 1: The clinical presentation, Br Dent J, vol.156, issue.5, pp.165-173, 1984.

N. B. Finnerup, S. Haroutounian, P. Kamerman, R. Baron, D. Bennett et al., Neuropathic pain: an updated grading system for research and clinical practice, PAIN, vol.157, issue.8, pp.1599-606, 2016.

A. Forabosco, M. Criscuolo, G. Coukos, E. Uccelli, R. Weinstein et al., Efficacy of hormone replacement therapy in postmenopausal women with oral discomfort. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol, vol.73, pp.570-574, 1992.

H. Forssell, S. Jääskeläinen, T. List, P. Svensson, and L. Baad-hansen, An update on pathophysiological mechanisms related to idiopathic oro-facial pain conditions with implications for management, J Oral Rehabil, vol.42, issue.4, pp.300-322, 2015.

I. Gaumond and S. Marchand, La douleur est-elle sexiste ?: Mécanismes endogènes et hormones sexuelles. médecine/sciences, vol.22, pp.1011-1014, 2006.

, Traitements hormonaux substitutifs de la ménopause. Orientations générales, conslusions et recommandations, HAS, 2004.

, Réévaluation de traitements hormonaux de la ménopause, HAS, 2014.

S. Hassan, A. Muere, and G. Einstein, Ovarian hormones and chronic pain: A comprehensive review: Pain, vol.155, pp.2448-60, 2014.

, Headache Classification Committee of the International Headache Society (IHS), Cephalalgia Int J Headache, vol.33, issue.9, pp.629-808, 2013.

, IASP. stomatodynies, glossodynies. orofacial pain, 2016.

S. K. Jääskeläinen, Pathophysiology of primary burning mouth syndrome, Clin Neurophysiol, vol.123, issue.1, pp.71-78, 2012.

S. K. Jääskeläinen and A. Woda, Burning mouth syndrome, Cephalalgia, vol.37, issue.7, pp.627-674, 2017.

C. Jansson, S. Johansson, L. Lindh-astrand, M. Hoffmann, and M. Hammar, The prevalence of symptoms possibly related to the climacteric in pre-and postmenopausal women in Linköping, Sweden. Maturitas, vol.45, issue.2, pp.129-164, 2003.

S. A. Khan, M. L. Keaser, T. F. Meiller, and D. A. Seminowicz, Altered structure and function in the hippocampus and medial prefrontal cortex in patients with burning mouth syndrome, Pain, vol.155, issue.8, pp.1472-80, 2014.

. Klasser, Traitement de la douleur faciale idiopathique persistante, J Can Dent Assoc, 2013.

J. Kohorst, C. L. Baum, L. Schenck, R. R. Torgerson, A. J. Bruce et al., Incidence of burning mouth syndrome: a population-based study of Olmsted County, Minn Med, vol.97, issue.9, p.51, 2014.

F. Labrie, All sex steroids are made intracellularly in peripheral tissues by the mechanisms of intracrinology after menopause, J Steroid Biochem Mol Biol, vol.145, pp.133-141, 2015.

F. Labrie, V. Luu-the, A. Bélanger, S. Lin, J. Simard et al., Is dehydroepiandrosterone a hormone?, J Endocrinol, vol.187, issue.2, pp.169-96, 2005.

F. Labrie, C. Martel, and J. Balser, Wide distribution of the serum dehydroepiandrosterone and sex steroid levels in postmenopausal women: role of the ovary?, Menopause N Y N, vol.18, issue.1, pp.30-43, 2011.

P. J. Lamey and M. A. Lewis, Oral medicine in practice: burning mouth syndrome, Br Dent J, vol.167, issue.6, pp.197-200, 1989.

G. Lauria, A. Majorana, M. Borgna, R. Lombardi, P. Penza et al., Trigeminal smallfiber sensory neuropathy causes burning mouth syndrome, Pain, vol.115, issue.3, pp.332-339, 2005.

R. Leimola-virtanen, T. Salo, S. Toikkanen, J. Pulkkinen, and S. Syrjänen, Expression of estrogen receptor (ER) in oral mucosa and salivary glands, Maturitas, vol.36, issue.2, pp.131-138, 2000.

R. A. Lobo, J. V. Pinkerton, M. Gass, M. H. Dorin, S. Ronkin et al., Evaluation of bazedoxifene/conjugated estrogens for the treatment of menopausal symptoms and effects on metabolic parameters and overall safety profile, Fertil Steril, vol.92, issue.3, pp.1025-1063, 2009.

P. Lopez-jornet, F. Camacho-alonso, P. Andujar-mateos, M. Sanchez-siles, and F. Gomez-garcia, Burning mouth syndrome: An update. Med Oral Patol Oral Cirugia Bucal, pp.562-570, 2010.

L. Camacho-alonso, F. Lucero-berdugo, and M. , Quality of life in patients with burning mouth syndrome, J Oral Pathol Med, vol.37, issue.7, pp.389-94, 2008.

V. Martinez, N. Attal, D. Bouhassira, and M. Lantéri-minet, Les douleurs neuropathiques chroniques : diagnostic, évaluation et traitement en médecine ambulatoire. Recommandations pour la pratique clinique de la Société française d'étude et de traitement de la douleur, 2010.

A. J. Maurer, A. Lissounov, I. Knezevic, K. D. Candido, and N. N. Knezevic, Pain and sex hormones: a review of current understanding, Pain Manag, vol.6, issue.3, pp.285-96, 2016.

H. Merskey and N. Bogduk, Classification of chronic pain: descriptions of chronic pain syndromes and definitions of pain terms, 1994.

J. H. Meurman, L. Tarkkila, and A. Tiitinen, The menopause and oral health, Maturitas, vol.63, issue.1, pp.56-62, 2009.

P. E. Micevych and P. G. Mermelstein, Membrane Estrogen Receptors Acting Through Metabotropic Glutamate Receptors: An Emerging Mechanism of Estrogen Action in Brain, Mol Neurobiol, vol.38, issue.1, pp.66-77, 2008.

J. S. Mogil, Sex differences in pain and pain inhibition: multiple explanations of a controversial phenomenon, Nat Rev Neurosci, vol.13, issue.12, p.859, 2012.

C. Nasri-heir, J. G. Zagury, D. Thomas, and S. Ananthan, Burning mouth syndrome: Current concepts, J Indian Prosthodont Soc, vol.15, issue.4, pp.300-307, 2015.

J. Pajot, C. Ressot, I. Ngom, and A. Woda, Gonadectomy induces site-specific differences in nociception in rats, Pain, vol.104, issue.1, pp.367-73, 2003.

S. Palacios and A. Mejía, Progestogen safety and tolerance in hormonal replacement therapy, Expert Opin Drug Saf, vol.15, issue.11, pp.1515-1540, 2016.

S. Palacios and A. Mejias, An update on drugs for the treatment of menopausal symptoms, Expert Opin Pharmacother, vol.16, issue.16, pp.2437-2484, 2015.

S. J. Parish and J. A. Gillespie, The evolving role of oral hormonal therapies and review of conjugated estrogens/bazedoxifene for the management of menopausal symptoms, Postgrad Med, vol.129, issue.3, pp.340-51, 2017.

L. L. Patton, M. A. Siegel, R. Benoliel, and A. D. Laat, Management of burning mouth syndrome: systematic review and management recommendations. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod, vol.103, 2007.

P. Pionchon and C. Melin, La prise en charge des douleurs orofaciales en France : vers une démarche intégrée, Actual Odonto-Stomatol, issue.256, pp.377-87, 2011.

S. Pisanty, B. Rafaely, and W. Z. Polishuk, The effect of steroid hormones on buccal mucosa of menopausal women. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol, vol.40, pp.346-53, 1975.

A. Puhakka, H. Forssell, S. Soinila, A. Virtanen, M. Röyttä et al., Peripheral nervous system involvement in primary burning mouth syndrome-results of a pilot study, Oral Dis, vol.22, issue.4, pp.338-382, 2016.

L. Rojo, F. J. Silvestre, J. V. Bagan, D. Vicente, and T. , Prevalence of psychopathology in burning mouth syndrome. A comparative study among patients with and without psychiatric disorders and controls. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol, vol.78, pp.312-318, 1994.

S. Rosen, B. Ham, and J. S. Mogil, Sex differences in neuroimmunity and pain: Sex Differences in Neuroimmunity and Pain, J Neurosci Res, vol.95, issue.1-2, pp.500-508, 2017.

A. Scala, L. Checchi, M. Montevecchi, I. Marini, and M. A. Giamberardino, Update on burning mouth syndrome : overview and patient management, Crit Rev Oral Biol Med, vol.14, issue.4, pp.275-91, 2003.

C. Sonigo, G. Dray, and N. Chabbert-buffet,

, J Gynecol Obstet Biol Reprod, vol.41, issue.7, pp.3-12, 2012.

A. Sunil, A. Mukunda, M. N. Gonsalves, A. B. Basheer, and K. Deepthi, An Overview of Burning Mouth Syndrome, 2012.

P. Svensson, P. Bjerring, L. Arendt-nielsen, and S. Kaaber, Sensory and pain thresholds to orofacial argon laser stimulation in patients with chronic burning mouth syndrome, Clin J Pain, vol.9, issue.3, pp.207-222, 1993.

T. Taiminen, L. Kuusalo, L. Lehtinen, H. Forssell, N. Hagelberg et al., Psychiatric (axis I) and personality (axis II) disorders in patients with burning mouth syndrome or atypical facial pain, Scand J Pain, vol.2, issue.4, pp.155-60, 2011.

L. Tarkkila, M. Linna, A. Tiitinen, C. Lindqvist, and J. H. Meurman, Oral symptoms at menopausethe role of hormone replacement therapy. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endodontology, vol.92, pp.276-80, 2001.

R. J. Traub, D. Cao, J. Karpowicz, S. Pandya, J. Y. Dorsey et al., A Clinically Relevant Animal Model of Temporomandibular Disorder and Irritable Bowel Syndrome Comorbidity, J Pain, vol.15, issue.9, pp.956-66, 2014.

R. Vaidya, Burning mouth syndrome at menopause: Elusive etiology. J -Life Health, 2012.

R. W. Wardrop, J. Hailes, H. Burger, and P. C. Reade, Oral discomfort at menopause. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol, vol.67, pp.535-575, 1989.

A. Woda, T. Dao, and C. Gremeau-richard, Steroid dysregulation and stomatodynia (burning mouth syndrome), J Orofac Pain, vol.23, issue.3, 2009.

F. Yalcin, S. Gurgan, and G. Gul, Oral health in postmenopausal Turkish women, Oral Health Prev Dent, vol.4, issue.4, pp.227-260, 2006.

Z. Yilmaz, T. Renton, Y. Yiangou, J. Zakrzewska, I. P. Chessell et al., Burning mouth syndrome as a trigeminal small fibre neuropathy: Increased heat and capsaicin receptor TRPV1 in nerve fibres correlates with pain score, J Clin Neurosci Off J Neurosurg Soc Australas, vol.14, issue.9, pp.864-71, 2007.

H. Yu, J. Racketa, A. A. Chines, and S. Mirkin, Hot flush symptom-free days with bazedoxifene/conjugated estrogens in postmenopausal women, Climacteric, vol.16, issue.2, pp.252-259, 2013.

J. M. Zakrzewska, Multi-dimensionality of chronic pain of the oral cavity and face, J Headache Pain, vol.14, issue.1, p.37, 2013.

J. M. Zakrzewska, H. Forssell, and A. M. Glenny, Interventions for the treatment of burning mouth syndrome, Cochrane Database Syst Rev, issue.1, p.2779, 2005.

Y. Zhong, K. Li, and X. Zhang, Potentiation of excitatory transmission in substantia gelatinosa neurons of rat spinal cord by inhibition of estrogen receptor alpha, Mol Pain, vol.6, p.92, 2010.

C. Zilli, R. I. Brooke, C. L. Lau, and H. Merskey, Screening for psychiatric illness in patients with oral dysesthesia by means of the General Health Questionnaire--twenty-eight item version (GHQ-28) and the Irritability, Depression and Anxiety Scale (IDA). Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol, vol.67, pp.384-393, 1989.