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Master Thesis

Usages actuels et futurs des drones en médecine pré-hospitalière

Abstract : Medical assistance through airspace has increased along with military aircrafts and helicopters sanitary evacuations. As drones technology is arising, new opportunities come out regarding medical assistance, and are starting to be documented. Even if this technology is quite recent with some uncertainties, their future for medical purpose takes more and more importance. In this thesis, we look into current and likely future usages of drones in pre-hospital medicine, given that civil drones have, based on their prices, specific characteristics and variable performances, and lay down on strong regulations. So far, drone have proven to be efficient in increasing survival probabilities with applications such as reduction of access time, defibrillation in case of cardiac arrest, or floating devices in case of drowning. Recent events like terrorist attacks, have brought a lot of new challenges into catastrophe medicine where drones could take part. Experiments run during a large-scale exercise in May 2018 have demonstrated that drone can support medical authorities in getting cartographies, counting victims, coordinating health cares or supplying medical equipment. In order to unlock the potential of drones in medicine, next steps should be to run a « risk assessment » to get long term flying authorizations and launch a think tank under SFMU control to create a shared experience and a common development plan. The history of medicine shows that technologic innovations have increased patients care. To that extent and despite existing constraints, drone seems promising in medicine applications, especially regarding quality and accessibility to healthcare.
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Contributor : Faculté de Médecine Amu <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, March 27, 2019 - 12:11:29 PM
Last modification on : Friday, October 23, 2020 - 4:46:30 PM
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Guillaume Doucet. Usages actuels et futurs des drones en médecine pré-hospitalière. Sciences du Vivant [q-bio]. 2018. ⟨dumas-02081123⟩



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