Haut potentiel intellectuel et troubles neurodéveloppementaux : une revue de la littérature

Abstract : Context: giftedness is an increasingly mediatized subject. Although it is neither a disease nor a disorder, it has been quoted frequently along with some psychiatric disorders. The goal of this review is to draw current knowledge up on the co-occurrence of the high intellectual potential (HIP) with some neurodevelopmental disorders like autism spectrum disorder (ASD), and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and to study their possible etiological links. Method: we have worked on the international scientific litterature Pubmed and PsycInfo databases. It allowed to identify 22 articles. Additional articles (n=59) were identified through the review of articles initially selected through keyword searches in the databases. Due to the lack of specific articles, we have added the main non scientific francophone publications about this theme. Quoted articles where published between 1982 and 2018. Results: literature data, even though scarce, suggest that the co-occurrence between HIP and ASD or ADHD is possible and that individuals with ASD or ADHD also having HIP present some better adaptation capacities than those who do not have HIP. Diagnosing this co-occurrence is difficult because of both clinical similarities and lack of training for professionnals to notice it. This co-occurrence does not seem to appear at random, but links between HIP and ASD or ADHD are still misunderstood. Conclusion: a better understanding of the links between HIP and ASD or ADHD could allow a better comprehension of the mecanisms at play in HIP that confer significant advantages regarding the evolution.
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Master Thesis
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Lucie Valdenaire. Haut potentiel intellectuel et troubles neurodéveloppementaux : une revue de la littérature. Médecine humaine et pathologie. 2019. ⟨dumas-02100254⟩

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