Caractéristiques des femmes en fonction du lieu d’accouchement choisi

Abstract : INTRODUCTION: France has the highest birth rate of the European Union. However, as childbirth could represent a potential risk, women tend to go more easily to hospitals, but this tendency is changing in some cases. In this context, France experiments since 2015 9 « birth centers ». Those houses welcome women with low risk pregnancies. In Lormont (Aquitania), the MAC « Maison Arc en Ciel » (« rainbow house ») is an example of this kind of structures. OBJECTIVE: The main objective of my study is to analyze the characteristics of women choosing Lormont’s maternity wards and those choosing the « MAC ». METHOD : A quantitative, cross-sectional, descriptive and comparative study has been conducted using an enquiry gived to all patients from those structures during the 3rd trimester of their pregnancy from June to December 2017. RESULTS : In total, 109 women took part in the enquiry : 45 of them chose the MAC, the other 64 chose maternity wards. The patients who decided to give birth at the MAC were mostly primiparas, with a higher socio-demographic level, and "alternative" habits concerning their health before pregnancy (natural contraceptive method or condom, specific diets or medical follow-up less " classics "...), but with more frequent use of alcohol and cannabis. They had decided to be followed by a midwife, whom they consulted more frequently during follow-up. They expressed more their wish to be an actress of their birth, to breastfeed their child, not to vaccinate him, and to resume a professional activity after a longer leave than a regular maternity one. CONCLUSION : Populations differ according to the structures. A better knowledge of the characteristics of those patients is essential in order to give better and more appropriate health cares.
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Master Thesis
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Contributor : Bu Carreire Université de Bordeaux <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, April 16, 2019 - 12:10:51 PM
Last modification on : Saturday, June 29, 2019 - 1:25:06 AM

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Maider Béreau. Caractéristiques des femmes en fonction du lieu d’accouchement choisi. Médecine humaine et pathologie. 2019. ⟨dumas-02100865⟩

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