Interventions efficaces dans la prévention des maladies cardio-vasculaires et réalisables en soins primaires, extraites de l’analyse des références (partie 3) issues des recommandations de bonne pratique étudiées dans le cadre du projet international SPICES

Abstract : Cardiovascular diseases are the first cause of death worldwide. Over three quarters of these deaths take place in low or middle-income countries. The decrease of behavioral cardiovascular risk factors reduces both cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. The international project SPICES aims at implementing innovative strategies in primary care cardiovascular prevention, in 5 countries of various socioeconomic statuses. The purpose of this work was to identify amongst the references stemming from the clinical practice recommendations studied in the SPICES project (part 3), the interventions feasible in primary care and efficient in cardiovascular prevention. Methods : access to articles permitted to select the interventions efficient in cardiovascular prevention and feasible in primary care. Exclusion criteria were a specific population, secondary prevention, a hospital setting, an absence of intervention or an inefficient intervention, a drug intervention, a primary endpoint not assessable in common practice. Inclusion criteri a were population with cardiovascular risk factors, a community context, nondrug based and efficient intervention, primary endpoint usual in common practice. References were then sorted by intervention type and a precise description of the intervention was recorded. Results : over 150 references, 33 were not accessible, 70 were excluded, 47 were included. Amongst the included references, 26 concerned alimentation, 25 physical activity, 10 cigarette smoking, 1 alcohol overuse, 11 health education and way of life analysis. Conclusion : there are efficient and feasible interventions to reduce cardiovascular risk factors in primary care. The pursuit of the SPICES project will permit to implement interventions in cardiovascular diseases prevention in primary care.
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Master Thesis
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Submitted on : Wednesday, April 17, 2019 - 11:55:25 AM
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Cécile Guerin. Interventions efficaces dans la prévention des maladies cardio-vasculaires et réalisables en soins primaires, extraites de l’analyse des références (partie 3) issues des recommandations de bonne pratique étudiées dans le cadre du projet international SPICES. Sciences du Vivant [q-bio]. 2019. ⟨dumas-02102432⟩

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