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Master Thesis

Analyse vocale, prosodique et émotionnelle des patients atteints de bronchopneumopathie chronique obstructive (BPCO)

Abstract : Introduction : Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a chronic respiratory disease, which is defined by permanent and progressive bronchial obstruction. Studies have shown correlations between patients’ respiratory impairment and their vocal production. The aim of this study is to investigate the existence of a correlation between the severity of the COPD and the voice, on both productive and perceptual aspects, in 2 patients with severe and very severe stages of severity. We have also studied the existence of a correlation between respiratory impairment and speech, prosody and emotions.
Method : 15 patients were included in our study, all with stages III or IV. We collected data reflecting respiratory impairment, FVC, and FEV1, for which we investigated the correlation with two measures of the voice: jitter, reflecting the quality of the voice production, and the total score obtained on the VHI, reflecting patients' perceptions of their voices.
Results : The results did not show a significant correlation between FEV 1, FVC, and jitter on one hand, and the total VHI score on the other hand. But they showed the existence of a significant positive correlation between the FVC and the identification of the facial emotion of joy.
Conclusion : Although our study did not show a significant correlation between the severity of the respiratory impairment and the voice, it showed a significant correlation between respiratory impairment and the identification of facial emotion of joy. This result could constitute an opening to a study on patients with COPD and emotions.
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https://dumas.ccsd.cnrs.fr/dumas-02104089
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Submitted on : Friday, April 19, 2019 - 11:38:32 AM
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Iris Attal. Analyse vocale, prosodique et émotionnelle des patients atteints de bronchopneumopathie chronique obstructive (BPCO). Sciences cognitives. 2018. ⟨dumas-02104089⟩

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