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Master Thesis

Évaluation d'un programme d'éducation nutritionnelle auprès d'une population d'élèves de primaire

Abstract : Introduction: nutrition has been a major public health issue for many years. Nevertheless, the rates of overweight and obesity continue to increase, especially among young people and children, and mostly in disadvantaged environments. We therefore sought to evaluate the effectiveness of a nutrition education program set up in Vire on the nutritional health of concerned children. Population and method: we compared two groups of pupils, one in Vire having benefited from this program during their schooling, and another group in Bayeux, which has not benefited from any particular program. The data were collected by a questionnaire filled in class. Results: 318 questionnaires (102 at Vire and 216 at Bayeux) were analyzed. The significant results in the analysis of the questionnaire responses were more in favor of Bayeux, where less pupils take snack in the morning (p = 0.013), they have more curiosity for new foods (p = 0.024), have better perception of their weight (p = 0.006), and consumed less often soda (p = 0.024). The other analyzes let us foresee explanations, in particular the socioeconomic difference found between the two sectors concerning the index of deprivation (EDI) (p <0,05). Discussion: this study does not conclude that the evaluated program is effective, but the analysis suffers from recruitment and maybe reporting bias. Previous evaluations of this program, which were prospective, found positive elements. It seems that a prospective study including socio-economic data would therefore be more appropriate.
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Master Thesis
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Laure-Marine Houël. Évaluation d'un programme d'éducation nutritionnelle auprès d'une population d'élèves de primaire. Médecine humaine et pathologie. 2018. ⟨dumas-02104165⟩



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