Élaboration d'un test de compréhension des actes indirects de langage chez les enfants TSASDI

Abstract : Difficulties in understanding nonliteral language are present in most children with autistic spectrum disorder without intellectual disability (ASD). But only a few calibrate tests allow a complete pragmatic evaluation. This study proposes to develop a test to know the understanding of indirect speech acts for children ages 7-11 with ASD. The test is comprised of 16 stories with indirect and direct speech acts. They are presented in three ways : oral, written and pictorial. Children, first spontaneously, have to interpret the utterance, then they have to choose the correct answer among three suggestions. A qualitative and quantitative analysis is carried out to establish a profile as accurate as possible. The test and preliminary tests were administered to 39 developing children (TD) and 9 ASD, divided into two groups. The results showed significantly better performances of TD concerning the understanding of indirect speech acts compared with children with ASD. There is also a significant difference between understanding the direct speech acts versus the indirect speech acts only for children with ASD, which confirms their deficit in this area. With the results, the test seems to be adapted to age and discriminate this pathology. It would be interesting to continue this study by recruiting more children TD and ASD to go on with the standardization and validation.
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Master Thesis
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Céline Durand. Élaboration d'un test de compréhension des actes indirects de langage chez les enfants TSASDI. Sciences cognitives. 2018. ⟨dumas-02114337⟩

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