Évaluation du dispositif « Sport Sur Ordonnance » de Saint-Paul : comparaison de données morphologiques liées à la mortalité entre l’inclusion et après trois mois de pratique chez les bénéficiaires de 2014 à 2017

Abstract : Introduction: The practice of a physical activity makes it possible to reduce the overall mortality and particularly of cardiovascular origin. The city of Saint-Paul (Réunion) has set up a support system for the resumption of adapted physical activity for sedentary adults suffering from chronic diseases, "Sports on Prescription". A weekly hour of physical activity is prescribed by the practical doctor. Material and Methods: The proposed work is a cohort study, retrospective, interventional. 408 beneficiaries were included between September 2014 and December 2017. Our primary endpoint is to compare a validated morphological criterion, and correlated with mortality, a body shape index (ABSI) at entry and after 3 months in the support system by a Student's t test. Secondary endpoints are to compare other morphological variables, perceived health and pain. Results: A significant reduction of ABSI was observed (-0.0014, 95% CI [0.0010, 0.0018] p <0.0001). All other observed morphological variables (weight, BMI, waist circumference and waist-to-waist ratio) decreased significantly. The average perceived health (fitness, appearance, diet, fatigue, stress and health status) increases significantly. 257 beneficiaries were painful (spine, upper limbs and / or lower limb). We find a significant decrease of pain scale on the spine and lower limbs. Conclusion: The system support seems effective from three months of practice with a significant decrease in our primary endpoint.
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Master Thesis
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Baptiste Meyer. Évaluation du dispositif « Sport Sur Ordonnance » de Saint-Paul : comparaison de données morphologiques liées à la mortalité entre l’inclusion et après trois mois de pratique chez les bénéficiaires de 2014 à 2017. Sciences du Vivant [q-bio]. 2019. ⟨dumas-02121011⟩

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