La modestie : étude sur une vertu féminine au XVIIe siècle

Abstract : If the female figure still meets pre-defined standards today, what was the ideal female behavior in France in the 17th century? This study tries to shed light on the question of the feminine virtues under the Old Regime, especially through the concept of “modesty”. What is modesty in the seventeenth century? Characterized by the restructuration of the faith and the faithful operated by the Church, the seventeenth century saw the multiplication of moral literature. Virtues, faith and good behavior are at the center of concern. If women seem to be the first "targets" of this restructuring, it is primarily because they are victims of a negative image that has lasted for centuries. The sources studied during our research, testify to a general fear of the female sex, due to old beliefs. Modesty then appears as a means of moderation and restraint to inculcate in women, in order to preserve the established order. Taking into account these social and historical aspects, this study attempts to provide answers on the real application of this "modesty" in modern times. Did the aristocrats respect these imposed virtues? Why did seventeenth-century thinkers "go out of their way" to dictate good female conduct? This study leads the reader to understand how this feminine "modesty" became a way for men of the seventeenth century, to exclude women from public space.
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Master Thesis
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Cécile Cornet Furestier. La modestie : étude sur une vertu féminine au XVIIe siècle. Histoire. 2018. ⟨dumas-02127595⟩

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