Factors associated with interpersonal skills in medical students training for standardized medical consultations

Abstract : Background — The quality of care depends on the quality of the doctor–patient relationship. The development of interpersonal skills is an essential part of establishing this relationship, but the determinants are poorly understood. We therefore assessed the factors associated with interpersonal skills in medical students during simulated medical consultations. Methods — We conducted a cross-sectional study of 4th-year medical students participating in simulated consultations with standardized patients. The interpersonal skills of each student were evaluated using a standardized scale: the 4-Habits Coding Scheme. We then collected their gender, all of their academic data from the first 3 years of medical school, as well as the clinical and nonclinical placements in the continuation of their studies. Finally, we evaluated the association between interpersonal skills and these different academic factors with multiple regression models. Results — Our analytical sample included 165 students for analysis. The factors significantly associated with interpersonal skills were gender (β=-4.79, p=0.012), completion of an ERASMUS internship (β=6.16, p=0.002) or a research internship (β=6.48, p=0.006). The academic results of the students in the first 3 years of medical school or the number of clinical placements in medicine and surgery were not significantly associated with the level of interpersonal skills. Conclusion — The typical profile of a student with a high level of interpersonal skills was a woman, who had completed an internship abroad or a research internship, without influence of student’s academic results or hospital clinical experience.
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Master Thesis
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Alexandre Bellier. Factors associated with interpersonal skills in medical students training for standardized medical consultations. Human health and pathology. 2019. ⟨dumas-02127923⟩

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