Facteurs associés au risque de dénutrition chez les personnes âgées de plus de 65 ans vivant à domicile à La Réunion en 2016 et 2017

Abstract : Background : Reunion Islanders have a health condition that is degraded earlier than in metropolitan France and there is little data in the scientific literature on the nutritional status of elderly people living at home. Objectives : To determine the factors associated with the alteration of nutritional status among people aged 65 and over and living at home in Reunion Island. Method : We conducted a descriptive cross-sectional study based on the survey data Gramoune Care carried out between 2016 and 2017 in which 32,8% of people had a poor nutritional status according to the results of the MNA-SF. Bivariate analyses were conducted to determine the factors associated with this risk and prevalence ratios between the different variables were calculated to determine the profiles of malnourished subjects. Results : Altered nutritional status is associated with demographic factors (age and female gender), health status factors (depression, risk of falling, memory problems, history of hospitalization, loss of autonomy, polymedication, low fruit and vegetable consumption, lack of alcohol consumption), socio-economic conditions (housing in the "Bas", widowhood, celibacy, relationship isolation, low income level, lack of education) and food budget restrictions. Conclusion : The risk of undernutrition among older people at the meeting is higher than in industrialized European countries. It is associated with many factors including management could limit its development.
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Master Thesis
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Alice Vincenot. Facteurs associés au risque de dénutrition chez les personnes âgées de plus de 65 ans vivant à domicile à La Réunion en 2016 et 2017. Sciences du Vivant [q-bio]. 2019. ⟨dumas-02159850⟩

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