La transmission de la maladie carieuse du parent à l’enfant : étude quantitative menée dans un service hospitalier d’odontologie

Abstract : The carious disease is considered by the World Health Organization (WHO) as the third plague of global morbidity. In children, it is called early childhood caries (CPE). It is defined by the presence of at least one tooth decayed, absent or filled in a child of 71 months or less. Studies show, after analysis of samples taken from the mother and the child that the acquisition of the bacteria responsible for the CPE is made by maternal transmission in 41% of the cases. In children, the factors that have a strong impact on bacterial colonization are: eating habits, brushing, the number of erupted teeth, and environmental factors. To evaluate the impact of behavior and risk behaviors on the transmission of caries disease from parent to child, we studied it in parent-child pairs with CPE. The quantitative study involved a sample of parents whose children (n = 65) aged 11 to 71 months have consulted for CPE in the Odontology Department at Saint-André Hospital. An oral examination of the child and his parent was carried out and in a semi-directive interview, nine questions were asked in order to define possible behaviors or habits that could highlight a vertical transmission. This work showed that parents were not aware of the risk of vertical transmission of carious disease through their behaviors or habits and do not act to avoid this transmission.
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Alexis Duroux. La transmission de la maladie carieuse du parent à l’enfant : étude quantitative menée dans un service hospitalier d’odontologie. Sciences du Vivant [q-bio]. 2019. ⟨dumas-02170954⟩

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