Oxygénothérapie chez l'enfant : évaluation nationale des connaissances des internes de pédiatrie

Abstract : Introduction: Oxygen therapy is widely used in emergency situations. The objective of this study was to evaluate the levels of theoretical and practical knowledge of French pediatric residents regarding oxygen therapy in relation to the national recommendations published in 2012. Method: This was a national, observational, declarative study that included every resident pursuing a Diplôme d'Études Spécialisées de Pédiatrie (DES, specialized degree in pediatrics). The data were collected through a standardized, computerized, and anonymous questionnaire that was sent by e-mail. Survey participants filled out their profile, then answered questions testing their theoretical and practical knowledge levels (hypoxemia, oxygen therapy monitoring, etc.) via multiple choice and short-answer questions. Results: A total of 16.7% of all French pediatric residents responded (n = 219, age 27.25 years, 83.1% female, 5 semesters out of 8 completed on average). The overall score of correct answers was 12.09 [9.5-16.7] out of a total of 20 points, with no correlation between the theoretical and practical knowledge scores. The residents’ knowledge levels were particularly poor concerning gas exchange in the lungs, pulse oximetry, oxygen transport, and prescribing oxygen during acute decompensation from a chronic respiratory disease. The number of semesters performed in specialized departments (pediatric and neonatal intensive care/pediatric emergencies/pediatric pneumology), Inter-University Degrees (DIUs), and seniority had no impact on the theoretical and practical knowledge of the residents. Conclusion: The prescribing of oxygen therapy by pediatric residents needs to be improved, particularly through specific university training.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, July 3, 2019 - 3:03:11 PM
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Charlotte Pouchoux. Oxygénothérapie chez l'enfant : évaluation nationale des connaissances des internes de pédiatrie. Sciences du Vivant [q-bio]. 2019. ⟨dumas-02172149⟩

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