Apport de la comptine signée dans le développement des comportements de communication chez l'enfant préscolaire non-verbal porteur de trouble du spectre autistique : étude de cas

Abstract : Many studies highlight the effects of signs or music on the communicative abilities of children evincing symptoms of Autistic Spectrum Disorder (ASD). Although the interaction of these two components has been proved capable of multiplying communicative benefits tenfold, only few studies have been conducted on the subject.
The main purpose of the present research was to assess the contribution of the signed nursery rhyme to communicative patterns of behaviour in three pre-school age (3 to 5 years) non-verbal ASD children compared to signed non-musical and unsigned musical activities. Our secondary purpose was to identify some factors that lead to the emergence of communicative patterns of behaviour, e.g. the use of material known to the subjects or their developmental profiles. To this end, we organized 10 sessions including signed non-musical, signed musical and unsigned musical activities. Conjointly, we carried out pre- and post-protocol evaluations using the Early Social Communication Scale.
Our results have shown that there was an effect of signed nursery rhymes on a high proportion of communication behaviour patterns. Nevertheless, joint attention, communicative gestures, imitation and requests point to a heterogeneous contribution according to the subjects under investigation. Besides, the use of a rhyme known to the child enhances the effect of the signed rhyme on the emergence of the various communication precursors.
Lastly, this protocol, which is made up of musical and signed activities, achieves positive results regardless of the developmental profile of the subjects. Despite the limited number of sessions and sample size, these encouraging results suggest that signed music will offer promising therapeutic opportunities to speech-language pathologists.
Document type :
Master Thesis
Complete list of metadatas

https://dumas.ccsd.cnrs.fr/dumas-02176545
Contributor : Bibliothèque Universitaire De Médecine de Nice <>
Submitted on : Monday, July 8, 2019 - 11:58:17 AM
Last modification on : Sunday, July 21, 2019 - 1:16:28 AM

File

2019NICEMO10.pdf
Files produced by the author(s)

Identifiers

  • HAL Id : dumas-02176545, version 1

Citation

Marine Delachenal. Apport de la comptine signée dans le développement des comportements de communication chez l'enfant préscolaire non-verbal porteur de trouble du spectre autistique : étude de cas. Médecine humaine et pathologie. 2019. ⟨dumas-02176545⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

8

Files downloads

6