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Master Thesis

L’expédition française en Syrie et au Liban de 1860

Abstract : The French expedition to Syria in 1860 is a military operation of the Second French Empire in the Ottoman Levant region. Responding to an international mandate issued by a conference of the European Powers (United Kingdom, France, Austria, Prussia, and Russia) with the participation of Ottoman Government, this expedition aims to put an end to the massacre of the Christian populations of the region. Christians and Muslims are in tense relations throughout the region and the Turkish administration is making little effort to calm events. In this context, an occupation was set up between 5 September 1860 and 5 June 1861 by 12,000 European soldiers. On their return the region is pacified and the troubles stopped. Yet this expedition is today very little known by the public. Why, while this term, described as "the first humanitarian expedition of history," was a complete success, everyone has forgotten. Perhaps because the media coverage of the events was slight. By analyzing the columns of the newspaper La Presse, a French newspaper of great importance in 1860, one realizes that far from being innocuous this expedition is popular. With almost constant media coverage, this popularity is measured. There are variations in media coverage in important moments, such as negotiation phases. The importance of rapid information is also confirmed when one looks at the nature of the information published in the daily columns. We realize that if this expedition is today largely unknown, it is not for lack of media coverage on the part of La Presse.
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Master Thesis
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Submitted on : Monday, July 8, 2019 - 2:44:14 PM
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Mathieu Tazarourte. L’expédition française en Syrie et au Liban de 1860. Histoire. 2018. ⟨dumas-02176900⟩

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