Regard de la personne âgée de plus de 80 ans et place du médecin généraliste au sujet des 3 technologies : intelligence artificielle, robotique et biotechnologie

Abstract : Introduction: The French population is aging and the desire to well-aging is gaining more and more place. In addition, society is facing the rise of new technologies: Artificial intelligence, robotics and biotechnology.
Objective: The main objective of our study was to analyze the perception of these technologies by independent older people over 80 and how they can be integrated into their well-aging. We also analyzed the place of their general practitioner in this mutation.
Method: Qualitative study with thematic analysis conducted by means of semi-structured individual interviews, reasoned sampling in maximum variation was carried out according to sex, age and level of education. The inclusion criteria were an age greater than 80 years, being autonomous (GIR6 on the AGGIR grid).
Results: 12 people participated in the study aged 80 to 96 years. Their positions on biotechnology, AI and robotics differ but rise interest. On the other hand, the convergence of these technologies implies for a great majority a certain anxiety in their response. These technologies seem to find their place in the well-aging by allowing an improvement of the autonomy as well physical, psychic as social.
Discussion: Our study explored representations of older people about these new technologies. The literature on the subject often highlights a rejection of technologies, particularly those involving automation, dehumanization and relearning. Without being in rejection, the participants of our study expressed their fears about the place that these new technologies would leave to the human, the fear of dehumanization of the care by the progressive replacement of humans by machines.
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Master Thesis
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David Verchere. Regard de la personne âgée de plus de 80 ans et place du médecin généraliste au sujet des 3 technologies : intelligence artificielle, robotique et biotechnologie. Médecine humaine et pathologie. 2019. ⟨dumas-02188195⟩

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