Skip to Main content Skip to Navigation
Master Thesis

Effets de la stimulation des afférences cutanées plantaires lors d'un programme d'activité physique multimodal de courte durée sur le contrôle postural, la sensibilité cutanée plantaire et la condition physique générale chez des personnes âgées institutionnalisées

Abstract : Background: Age progression is associated with impaired postural control and thus increased risk of falls. There is little evidence that short-term stimulation of plantar skin afferents in institutionalized older adults would have a positive impact on postural control. Purpose: The objective of this study was to observe the effects of a short-term multimodal physical activity program on postural control (CP), plantar skin sensitivity (PCS), and general physical fitness (GPC) in institutionalized seniors benefiting from stimulation of plantar skin afferents through barefoot practice. A comparison with shod subjects who do not benefit from this increased stimulation of plantar skin sensitivity has also been put in place. Method: The study was conducted with 8 patients staying in a rehabilitation and functional rehabilitation service (77 ± 7.6 years). They were randomly divided into two groups: the PN (n = 4) and CH (n = 4) groups, whose members participated in a multimodal exercise program that was executed barefoot (PN) or with their own shoes (CH). The posture and SCP assessment was performed with a force platform and a Semmes-Weinstein aesthesiometer set of 6 monofilaments respectively. That of the physical capacities was carried out with three tests (HandGrip Test, SPPB and TUG). Results: Post intervention, following 11-13 sessions, no significant differences were observed between the PN and CH groups in terms of SCP, CP and CPG. However, within the FN group, between the beginning and the end of the intervention, there is a significant improvement trend for the forefoot SCP (p-value = 0.09) and the SPPB (p- value = 0.09). Conclusion: Stimulation of plantar cutaneous afferents by barefoot practice during a multimodal physical activity program shows encouraging results in terms of SCP and CPG, despite a short duration of intervention.
Document type :
Master Thesis
Complete list of metadatas

Cited literature [57 references]  Display  Hide  Download

https://dumas.ccsd.cnrs.fr/dumas-02189194
Contributor : Staps Uppa <>
Submitted on : Friday, August 23, 2019 - 8:49:10 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, June 23, 2020 - 3:35:54 AM

File

Mémoire craspay dylan DUMAS.p...
Files produced by the author(s)

Identifiers

  • HAL Id : dumas-02189194, version 1

Collections

Citation

Dylan Craspay. Effets de la stimulation des afférences cutanées plantaires lors d'un programme d'activité physique multimodal de courte durée sur le contrôle postural, la sensibilité cutanée plantaire et la condition physique générale chez des personnes âgées institutionnalisées. Sciences du Vivant [q-bio]. 2019. ⟨dumas-02189194⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

41

Files downloads

33