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Master Thesis

Intérêt des vibrations musculaires focales dans la rééducation à la marche de l’hémiplégique : revue de littérature

Abstract : Gait disorders are common after a stroke and can lead to reductions in functional capacity, independence or quality of life. Walking is therefore a priority goal of rehabilitation in physiotherapy. Focal muscle vibration acts on the central nervous system and influences postural control with sensory, motor and perceptual effects. The aim of this literature review is to determine the effect of focal muscle vibration on hemiplegic gait. The judgment criteria used are a time symmetry ratio during walking, Stance time on paretic leg, Step time on paretic side and walking speed. Databases searched included PubMed, Cochrane, Scopus and PEDRo. The “Quasi-Experimental Check List” of the Joanna Briggs Institute evaluated the methodological quality of the six studies. The quality of the studies is rather average (score = 6,2/9). Although the overall results show a trend towards improving the support symmetry as well as speed, this work does not make either the evaluation of the impact of the vibration on the Stance time or the Step time on the paretic side possible. To conclude, the walking speed is increased and the symmetry of gait seems improved but more reliable studies including more patients are needed to draw further conclusions.
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Master Thesis
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https://dumas.ccsd.cnrs.fr/dumas-02272077
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Submitted on : Tuesday, August 27, 2019 - 2:47:06 PM
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Mathilde Olivier. Intérêt des vibrations musculaires focales dans la rééducation à la marche de l’hémiplégique : revue de littérature. Sciences du Vivant [q-bio]. 2019. ⟨dumas-02272077⟩

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