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Master Thesis

L’isolement chez les Réunionnais de plus de 65 ans en 2017 : déterminants socio-économiques et de santé

Abstract : Social isolation is related to higher mortality and morbidity rates. At la Réunion, due to the modernization of family structures, elderly people increasingly age alone. This study wishes to determine the number of socially isolated elderly people at la Réunion as well as their socio-economic status and state of health. In the « Gramoune care » study, patients aged 65 or more and living at la Réunion answered a survey concerning their health and socio-economic status. Socially isolated patients, that is to say patients who meet their family or friends and participate in group activities less than once a month, were compared to non-isolated patients. Among the 875 elderly people that were surveyed, 9% were socially isolated. In terms of socio economic status, the isolated patients were single (p=0.007). Incomes, instruction levels and places of residence did not differ between the two groups. In terms of health status, social isolation is associated with depression (p=0.004) and the risk of falling (p=0.035). Isolated patients were respectively 2.27 (IC 95% 1.41-3.63) and 1.69 (IC 95% 1.00-2.85) more numerous among elderly people needing partial help and those who claim they are autonomous yet cannot leave there homes. Compared to the mainland and other western countries, at la Réunion elderly people are better protected from social isolation. However, the study reveals acute feelings of loneliness and dissatisfaction in the isolated population, which can both lead to graver health issues. Actions should target elderly people who only need partial help and are autonomous but cannot leave their homes.
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Master Thesis
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Submitted on : Thursday, August 29, 2019 - 12:54:51 PM
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Tiphaine Le Baron. L’isolement chez les Réunionnais de plus de 65 ans en 2017 : déterminants socio-économiques et de santé. Sciences du Vivant [q-bio]. 2019. ⟨dumas-02273884⟩



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