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Master Thesis

Évaluation par un « jeu sérieux » d’une formation aux gestes de premiers secours chez des collégiens

Abstract : Background/aims: cardiopulmonary resuscitation and immediate activation of emergency medical services are crucial determinants of survival after cardiac-arrest. All citizens, including secondary school students should be taught how to perform cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). We conducted a case-control study to evaluate the efficacy of a onehour CPR training. Material and methods: 2 schools (out of 5 included) were randomized to receive a one-hour CPR-training session. The session contained a theoretical lecture and a practical training. 3 months later, both trained and non-trained students were assessed using a serious game reproducing real-life cardiac arrest situation (3D real-time simulation software Staying Alive®, ILUMENS-Dassault Systèmes). Primary outcome was the time spent to complete the game (onset of cardiac arrest to shock delivery). Secondary outcomes included knowledge of emergency call, hand placement during chest compressions and defibrillator’s electrodes placement. Results and discussion: among 199 students assessed on the serious game, 72 had been trained. The total game completion time was 169 (+/-28) seconds in the trained group versus 185 (+/-32) seconds in the non-trained group (p<0.001). Hands were more often properly placed during chest compression in the trained-group. Electrodes of automated external defibrillator were more often properly placed in the trained-group. Conclusion: a one-hour cardiopulmonary resuscitation training session improved significantly young students’ performance during a 3D-real life simulation session.
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Master Thesis
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Submitted on : Wednesday, September 4, 2019 - 3:23:09 PM
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Victoire Dessailly. Évaluation par un « jeu sérieux » d’une formation aux gestes de premiers secours chez des collégiens. Médecine humaine et pathologie. 2018. ⟨dumas-02278715⟩



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