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, Abstract Résumé Les maladies chroniques ne cessent de croitre avec pour préoccupation majeure l'amélioration de la prise en charge permise par le développement des interventions non médicamenteuses. Cependant, ces dernières doivent d'une part, pallier au manque d'adhérence responsable du taux de rechute et engendrant des coûts de santé importants et d'autre part, pallier au manque de motivation dû au caractère fastidieux des programmes de reconditionnement. Parmi ces interventions, les programmes de réentraînement à l'effort combinés à des technologies innovantes telles que la réalité virtuelle (RV) ont fait leurs preuves auprès de certaines populations atteintes de pathologies chroniques. L'objectif de la présente étude était d'évaluer la faisabilité et les bénéfices d'un réentraînement à l'effort HIIT en RV-exergaming sur ergo-cycle chez des sujets présentant diverses pathologies. Un protocole expérimental de 10 sessions de parcours en RV synchronisé et adapté au programme d'entraînement sur ergo-cycle réparties sur 2 mois et demi, a été dispensé à 12 sujets

, révèle une différence significative pour une seule d'entre elles : plaisir ressenti, suggérant que l'expérience d'entraînement HIIT en RV est ressentie comme la forme d'entraînement la plus plaisante selon les participants. Néanmoins, les autres bénéfices acquis par la RV malgré leur nonsignificativité statistique

, Mots-clés : réhabilitation cardiorespiratoire, réentraînement à l'effort, activité physique, maladies chroniques, ergo-cycle, réalité virtuelle, exergaming