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Master Thesis

Mises en scène du Cid de Corneille au XXe siècle : Jacques Copeau (1940), Jean Vilar (1951) et Roger Planchon (1969)

Abstract : Jacques Copeau, Jean Vilar and Roger Planchon’s stagings highlight the dramatic stakes of Corneille’s play Le Cid. The will of these directors to stage this great classic of the French theatre appears at pivotal moments in the history of France. Indeed, Jacques Copeau decided to honour this tragi-comedy during the Second World War, when the Vichy government imposed itself, and the German army marched on Paris. Jean Vilar considered Corneille’s masterchief was the best vector to help the communion of the French people after the Liberation, as well as to give hope and courage to young people. Roger Planchon, for his part, adapted and updated Corneille’s work to include it in a critical and realistic representation, in the continuation of the student and worker revolts of May 68. Corneille’s work seems deeply inscribed in the history of France and in resonance with its events. Despite the historical, ideological and aesthetic contexts that evolve over time and the differences that arise from these staging, these are at the crossroads of a key notion of 20th century theatre, that of popular theatre. The Cid as been studied by successive generations of secondary school students since the advent of compulsory school. This play also allows to question the power in place, and the weight of certain inherited values. It was Corneille’s ame in the 17th century, and Planchon did it – of course, differently in 1969. For Vilar, this masterpiece can bring together all the audiences of the popular theatre in a community; for Planchon, it will be the starting point. This study traces these three creations chronologically, in order to find these various stakes (personal, aesthetic and political) through the staging of the contemporary era.
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Master Thesis
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Submitted on : Wednesday, September 25, 2019 - 11:05:33 AM
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Clémence Grenat. Mises en scène du Cid de Corneille au XXe siècle : Jacques Copeau (1940), Jean Vilar (1951) et Roger Planchon (1969). Art et histoire de l'art. 2019. ⟨dumas-02291283⟩



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