J. Belaisch-allart, S. Zilberman, N. Castaing, H. Houmin, and I. Segard, Endomètre et implantation : l'endométrite existe-t-elle en infertilité?, COLLÈGE Natl GYNÉCOLOGUES OBSTÉTRICIENS Fr. déc, pp.97-109, 2007.

S. Perrier-d'hauterive, C. Charlet-renard, F. Goffin, M. Foidart, V. Geenen et al., J Gynecol Obstet Biol Reprod, vol.31, pp.440-455, 2002.

M. Vernon, J. E. Stern, G. D. Ball, D. Wininger, J. Mayer et al., Utility of the national embryo morphology data collection by the Society for Assisted Reproductive Technologies (SART): correlation between day-3 morphology grade and live-birth outcome, Fertil Steril. 30 juin, vol.95, issue.8, pp.2761-2764, 2011.

A. L. Akopians, M. D. Pisarska, and E. T. Wang, The Role of Inflammatory Pathways in Implantation Failure: Chronic Endometritis and Hydrosalpinges, Semin Reprod Med. juill, vol.33, issue.4, pp.298-304, 2015.

H. J. Park, Y. S. Kim, T. K. Yoon, and W. S. Lee, Chronic endometritis and infertility, Clin Exp Reprod Med. déc, vol.43, issue.4, pp.185-92, 2016.

R. Romero, J. Espinoza, and M. Mazor, Can endometrial infection/inflammation explain implantation failure, spontaneous abortion, and preterm birth after in vitro fertilization? Fertil Steril, vol.82, pp.799-804, 2004.

E. Cicinelli, D. Ziegler, D. Nicoletti, R. Colafiglio, G. Saliani et al., Chronic endometritis: correlation among hysteroscopic, histologic, and bacteriologic findings in a prospective trial with 2190 consecutive office hysteroscopies, Fertil Steril. mars, vol.89, issue.3, pp.677-84, 2008.

K. Kitaya, T. Takeuchi, S. Mizuta, H. Matsubayashi, and T. Ishikawa, Endometritis: new time, new concepts, Fertil Steril, vol.110, issue.3, pp.344-50, 2018.

K. Kitaya and T. Yasuo, Aberrant expression of selectin E, CXCL1, and CXCL13 in chronic endometritis, Mod Pathol Off J U S Can Acad Pathol Inc. août, vol.23, issue.8, pp.1136-1182, 2010.

M. Benner, G. Ferwerda, I. Joosten, and R. G. Van-der-molen, How uterine microbiota might be responsible for a receptive, fertile endometrium, Hum Reprod Update, vol.24, issue.4, pp.393-415, 2018.

E. Cicinelli, M. Matteo, R. Tinelli, A. Lepera, R. Alfonso et al., Prevalence of chronic endometritis in repeated unexplained implantation failure and the IVF success rate after antibiotic therapy, Hum Reprod Oxf Engl. févr, vol.30, issue.2, pp.323-353, 2015.

E. Cicinelli, M. Matteo, R. Tinelli, V. Pinto, M. Marinaccio et al., Chronic endometritis due to common bacteria is prevalent in women with recurrent miscarriage as confirmed by improved pregnancy outcome after antibiotic treatment, Reprod Sci Thousand Oaks Calif. mai, vol.21, issue.5, pp.640-647, 2014.

Y. Chen, R. Fang, Y. Luo, and C. Luo, Analysis of the diagnostic value of CD138 for chronic endometritis, the risk factors for the pathogenesis of chronic endometritis and the effect of chronic endometritis on pregnancy: a cohort study, BMC Womens Health. 05, vol.16, issue.1, p.60, 2016.

J. Zolghadri, M. Momtahan, K. Aminian, F. Ghaffarpasand, and Z. Tavana, The value of hysteroscopy in diagnosis of chronic endometritis in patients with unexplained recurrent spontaneous abortion, Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol. avr, vol.155, issue.2, pp.217-237, 2011.

K. Kitaya and T. Yasuo, Immunohistochemistrical and clinicopathological characterization of chronic endometritis, Am J Reprod Immunol N Y N, vol.66, issue.5, pp.410-415, 1989.

K. Kitaya, H. Matsubayashi, K. Yamaguchi, R. Nishiyama, Y. Takaya et al., Chronic Endometritis: Potential Cause of Infertility and Obstetric and Neonatal Complications, Am J Reprod Immunol N Y N, vol.75, issue.1, pp.13-22, 1989.

D. Song, X. Feng, Q. Zhang, E. Xia, Y. Xiao et al., Prevalence and confounders of chronic endometritis in premenopausal women with abnormal bleeding or reproductive failure, Reprod Biomed Online. janv, vol.36, issue.1, pp.78-83, 2018.

M. Smith, K. A. Hagerty, B. Skipper, and T. Bocklage, Chronic endometritis: a combined histopathologic and clinical review of cases from 2002 to, Int J Gynecol Pathol Off J Int Soc Gynecol Pathol. janv, vol.29, issue.1, pp.44-50, 2007.

J. C. Kasius, H. M. Fatemi, C. Bourgain, D. Sie-go, R. Eijkemans et al., The impact of chronic endometritis on reproductive outcome, Fertil Steril. déc, vol.96, issue.6, pp.1451-1457, 2011.

C. Tortorella, G. Piazzolla, M. Matteo, V. Pinto, R. Tinelli et al., Interleukin-6, interleukin-1?, and tumor necrosis factor ? in menstrual effluents as biomarkers of chronic endometritis, Fertil Steril. janv, vol.101, issue.1, pp.242-249, 2014.

F. G. Oliveira, V. G. Abdelmassih, M. P. Diamond, D. Dozortsev, Z. P. Nagy et al., Uterine cavity findings and hysteroscopic interventions in patients undergoing in vitro fertilization-embryo transfer who repeatedly cannot conceive, Fertil Steril. déc, vol.80, issue.6, pp.1371-1376, 2003.

K. Kitaya, Prevalence of chronic endometritis in recurrent miscarriages, Fertil Steril. 1 mars, vol.95, issue.3, pp.1156-1164, 2011.

E. Cicinelli, M. Matteo, G. Trojano, P. C. Mitola, R. Tinelli et al., Chronic endometritis in patients with unexplained infertility: Prevalence and effects of antibiotic treatment on spontaneous conception, Am J Reprod Immunol N Y N 1989. janv, vol.79, issue.1, 2018.

E. Cicinelli, D. Ziegler, D. Nicoletti, R. Tinelli, R. Saliani et al., Poor reliability of vaginal and endocervical cultures for evaluating microbiology of endometrial cavity in women with chronic endometritis, Gynecol Obstet Invest, vol.68, issue.2, pp.108-123, 2009.

I. B. Bayer-garner and S. Korourian, Plasma cells in chronic endometritis are easily identified when stained with syndecan-1, Mod Pathol Off J U S Can Acad Pathol Inc. sept, vol.14, issue.9, pp.877-886, 2001.

I. B. Bayer-garner, J. A. Nickell, and S. Korourian, Routine syndecan-1 immunohistochemistry aids in the diagnosis of chronic endometritis, Arch Pathol Lab Med. sept, vol.128, issue.9, pp.1000-1003, 2004.

V. E. Radzinsky, I. N. Kostin, Y. A. Petrov, M. L. Polina, and B. M. Gasanova, Diagnostic significance of chronic endometritis macrotypes differentiation among women with reproductive losses, Gynecol Endocrinol Off J Int Soc Gynecol Endocrinol, vol.33, issue.sup1, pp.36-40, 2017.

R. Lamonica, J. M. Hartnett, L. Engmann, M. M. Sanders, D. Maier et al., Immunohistochemistry confirms the presence of chronic endometritis in patients with recurrent implantation failure, Fertil Steril, vol.3, p.280, 200686-09.

Y. Liu, X. Chen, J. Huang, C. Wang, Y. Laird et al., Comparison of the prevalence of chronic endometritis as determined by means of different diagnostic methods in women with and without reproductive failure, Fertil Steril, vol.109, issue.5, pp.832-841, 2018.

K. Kitaya, H. Matsubayashi, Y. Takaya, R. Nishiyama, K. Yamaguchi et al., Live birth rate following oral antibiotic treatment for chronic endometritis in infertile women with repeated implantation failure, Am J Reprod Immunol N Y N, vol.78, issue.5, 1989.

P. Bouet, E. Hachem, H. Monceau, E. Gariépy, G. Kadoch et al., Chronic endometritis in women with recurrent pregnancy loss and recurrent implantation failure: prevalence and role of office hysteroscopy and immunohistochemistry in diagnosis, Fertil Steril. janv, vol.105, issue.1, pp.106-116, 2016.

D. B. Mcqueen, C. O. Perfetto, F. K. Hazard, and R. B. Lathi, Pregnancy outcomes in women with chronic endometritis and recurrent pregnancy loss, Fertil Steril, vol.104, issue.4, pp.927-958, 2015.

D. B. Mcqueen, L. A. Bernardi, and M. D. Stephenson, Chronic endometritis in women with recurrent early pregnancy loss and/or fetal demise, Fertil Steril. avr, vol.101, issue.4, pp.1026-1056, 2014.

R. Yang, X. Du, Y. Wang, X. Song, Y. Yang et al., The hysteroscopy and histological diagnosis and treatment value of chronic endometritis in recurrent implantation failure patients, Arch Gynecol Obstet. juin, vol.289, issue.6, pp.1363-1372, 2014.

E. B. Johnston-macananny, J. Hartnett, L. L. Engmann, J. C. Nulsen, M. M. Sanders et al., Chronic endometritis is a frequent finding in women with recurrent implantation failure after in vitro fertilization, Fertil Steril. févr, vol.93, issue.2, pp.437-478, 2010.

J. Féghali, J. Bakar, J. M. Mayenga, L. Ségard, J. Hamou et al., Hystéroscopie systématique avant fécondation in vitro Systematic hysteroscopy prior to in vitro fertilization, vol.5, 2018.

G. Biran, A. Weissman, J. Farhi, I. Avinoah, M. Shahmorow et al., Is chronic endometritis a causative factor for repeated implantation failure in IVF-ET? Fertil Steril, p.128, 200482-09.

Y. Chen, L. Liu, Y. Luo, M. Chen, Y. Huan et al., Prevalence and Impact of Chronic Endometritis in Patients With Intrauterine Adhesions: A Prospective Cohort Study, J Minim Invasive Gynecol, vol.01, issue.1, pp.74-83, 2017.

E. Cicinelli, L. Resta, R. Nicoletti, M. Tartagni, M. Marinaccio et al., Detection of chronic endometritis at fluid hysteroscopy, J Minim Invasive Gynecol. déc, vol.12, issue.6, pp.514-522, 2005.

F. Polisseni, E. A. Bambirra, and A. F. Camargos, Detection of chronic endometritis by diagnostic hysteroscopy in asymptomatic infertile patients, Gynecol Obstet Invest, vol.55, issue.4, pp.205-215, 2003.

A. Cholkeri-singh and K. J. Sasaki, Hysteroscopy for infertile women: a review, J Minim Invasive Gynecol. avr, vol.22, issue.3, pp.353-62, 2015.

J. M. Mayenga, M. Brzakowski, F. Larousserie, N. Castaing, and J. Belaisch-allart,

M. Pitsos, J. Skurnick, and D. Heller, Association of pathologic diagnoses with clinical findings in chronic endometritis, J Reprod Med. juin, vol.54, issue.6, pp.373-380, 2009.

E. Cicinelli, G. Trojano, M. Mastromauro, A. Vimercati, M. Marinaccio et al., Higher prevalence of chronic endometritis in women with endometriosis: a possible etiopathogenetic link, Fertil Steril, vol.108, issue.2, pp.289-295, 2017.

A. Takebayashi, F. Kimura, Y. Kishi, M. Ishida, A. Takahashi et al., The association between endometriosis and chronic endometritis, PloS One, vol.9, issue.2, p.88354, 2014.

A. De-sá-rosa-e-de-silva, R. E. Silva, J. C. , C. Dos-reis, F. J. Nogueira et al., Routine office hysteroscopy in the investigation of infertile couples before assisted reproduction, J Reprod Med. juill, vol.50, issue.7, pp.501-507, 2005.

E. Cicinelli, L. Resta, R. Nicoletti, V. Zappimbulso, M. Tartagni et al., Endometrial micropolyps at fluid hysteroscopy suggest the existence of chronic endometritis, Hum Reprod Oxf Engl. mai, vol.20, issue.5, pp.1386-1395, 2005.

I. Moreno, E. Cicinelli, I. Garcia-grau, M. Gonzalez-monfort, D. Bau et al., The diagnosis of chronic endometritis in infertile asymptomatic women: a comparative study of histology, microbial cultures, hysteroscopy, and molecular microbiology, Am J Obstet Gynecol, vol.218, issue.6, pp.602-603, 2018.

E. Cicinelli, R. Tinelli, A. Lepera, V. Pinto, M. Fucci et al., Correspondence between hysteroscopic and histologic findings in women with chronic endometritis, Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand. août, vol.89, issue.8, pp.1061-1066, 2010.

Y. Arnson, Y. Shoenfeld, and H. Amital, Effects of tobacco smoke on immunity, inflammation and autoimmunity, J Autoimmun. mai, vol.34, issue.3, pp.258-65, 2010.

W. Wang, H. Zhang, Z. Chen, W. Zhang, X. Liu et al., Endometrial TGF?, IL-10, IL-17 and autophagy are dysregulated in women with recurrent implantation failure with chronic endometritis, Reprod Biol Endocrinol RBE. 3 janv, vol.17, issue.1, p.2, 2019.

A. Bashiri, K. I. Halper, and R. Orvieto, Recurrent Implantation Failure-update overview on etiology, diagnosis, treatment and future directions, Reprod Biol Endocrinol RBE. 5 déc, vol.16, issue.1, p.121, 2018.

R. Zhang, W. Zhao, B. Chai, Q. Wang, C. Yu et al., The effects of maternal cigarette smoking on pregnancy outcomes using assisted reproduction technologies: An updated meta-analysis, J Gynecol Obstet Hum Reprod. nov, vol.47, issue.9, pp.461-469, 2018.

A. Vitagliano, C. Saccardi, M. Noventa, D. S. Sardo, A. Saccone et al., Effects of chronic endometritis therapy on in vitro fertilization outcome in women with repeated implantation failure: a systematic review and meta-analysis, Fertil Steril, vol.110, issue.1, pp.103-112, 2018.

V. Pinto, M. Matteo, R. Tinelli, P. C. Mitola, D. Ziegler et al., Altered uterine contractility in women with chronic endometritis, Fertil Steril. avr, vol.103, issue.4, pp.1049-52, 2015.

V. A. Kushnir, S. Solouki, T. Sarig-meth, M. G. Vega, D. F. Albertini et al., Systemic Inflammation and Autoimmunity in Women with Chronic Endometritis, Am J Reprod Immunol N Y N, vol.75, issue.6, pp.672-679, 1989.

A. Sarapik, K. Haller-kikkatalo, M. Utt, K. Teesalu, A. Salumets et al., ORIGINAL ARTICLE: Serum Anti-endometrial Antibodies in Infertile Women -Potential Risk Factor for Implantation Failure: ANTI-ENDOMETRIAL ANTIBODIES IN INFERTILITY, Am J Reprod Immunol. 3 févr, vol.63, issue.5, pp.349-57, 2010.