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Master Thesis

Dépression et participation sociale : accompagnement en ergothérapie de la personne souffrant de dépression vers une participation sociale

Abstract : Introduction : This dissertation studies the care given to depressive people in a psychosocial rehabilitation approach. Symptoms encountered, such as low self-esteem, loss of interest, loss of vital momentum, or social isolation, often disrupt social participation. The aim of the occupational therapist is to help the depressive person regain an occupational involvement in their daily life and community, in order to stimulate social participation for the purpose of psychosocial rehabilitation. The purpose of this study was to question the professional practice of occupational therapists regarding social participation with depressive people. Methods : This work was based on a qualitative method, in the form of semi-structured interviews. Two occupational therapists were interviewed. Each interview was then analyzed according to the concepts of social participation,psychosocial rehabilitation, and the model of human occupation. Results : The interviewed occupational therapists considered that depression had an impact on social participation. This was due in particular to the disinvestment in daily activities and social roles, and to the impact on the social environment,since depression often led to isolation. Occupational therapists valued care outside the hospital. This enabled them to support the person in meaningful activities in their living environment, and to help the person regain the empowerment,an occupational balance and a daily well-being. They also worked on social skills with the group. These approaches stimulated social participation. Conclusion : Care outside the hospital seems to encourage social participation. By offering therapeutic follow-up adapted to daily life, the occupational therapist will help the person to regain an occupational and relational balance. This approach matches the psychosocial rehabilitation action, since the occupational therapist's aim is for the person to be involved in their activities and social roles in their community, in order to achieve their full potential. A future study could be interesting to analyse the effect of community-based preventive actions to reduce the risk of depression.
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Master Thesis
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Camille Féry. Dépression et participation sociale : accompagnement en ergothérapie de la personne souffrant de dépression vers une participation sociale. Médecine humaine et pathologie. 2019. ⟨dumas-02347580⟩



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