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Master Thesis

Les représentations du couple royal formé par le roi Kongmin (r. 1351-1374) et la reine Noguk (?-1365) au Koryŏ et au Chosŏn : tentative d’interprétation historique

Abstract : In the context of matrimonial unions between the royal Wang family of Koryŏ and the imperial Yuan family (1274–1365), eight imperial princesses got married to Koryŏ kings which gave this kingdom the title of Son-In-Law Country (pumaguk 駙馬國). Among these couples, the representation of King Kongmin and Queen Noguk is exceptional in the History of Korea. Most of the research conducted on the late Koryŏ period in South Korea depicts an image of a couple in love, ‘an idyll known by everyone’. However, this interpretation does not convey the political context of the period and is not satisfactory from an academic perspective. In order to reconsider this interpretation, the study on hand is based on sources that have not been given enough attention in the context: 1) the twin tomb located in the city of Kaesŏng in present-day North Korea, the main capital of the Koryŏ kingdom; 2) two portraits representing what seems to be the royal couple Kongmin-Noguk, which are being kept in the Kyŏnggi Museum and in the Chongmyo Shrine of the Yi Dynasty (Seoul), respectively. The analysis of these sources Kongmin and Noguk related along with official records of the Koryŏ and the Chosŏn periods unveils a certain vision of the Wang family’s situation, in particular the royal couple, under Yuan domination: 1) the relationships of royal couples during that period can be described as egalitarian in that the queens were imperial princesses, which means that their status was relatively high compared to past Koryŏ queens; 2) the double identity of Koryŏ Kings who became related to Yuan Emperors and grew up in the imperial land, spending their time fully understanding and practicing Mongols’ traditions. An example illustrating that is Kongmin and Noguk’s twin tomb, which is connected on the inside through what is called a ‘hole for souls to pass’. Indeed, this kind of architecture never used in the Korean peninsula before has connections with the Mongol funeral traditions; 3) during the Chosŏn period, the representation of these couples as examples due to their merit and fidelity and the concept of ‘serving the Great’ (sadae 事大), since late Koryŏ kings wed members of the imperial clan, also known as the Great power (taeguk 大國).
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https://dumas.ccsd.cnrs.fr/dumas-02363180
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Submitted on : Thursday, November 14, 2019 - 11:49:32 AM
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Gulsen Kilci. Les représentations du couple royal formé par le roi Kongmin (r. 1351-1374) et la reine Noguk (?-1365) au Koryŏ et au Chosŏn : tentative d’interprétation historique. Histoire. 2019. ⟨dumas-02363180⟩

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