. Le-concept-de-l'angoisse--sören-kierkegaard,

D. Sur,

T. D. Borkovec, R. E. Pruzinsky, T. Depree, and J. A. , Preliminary exploration of worry: Some characteristics and processes, Behav Res Ther, vol.21, issue.1, pp.9-16, 1983.

C. D. Spielberger, R. Gorsuch, R. E. Lushene, and P. R. Vagg, State-trait anxiety inventory (STAI), BiB. 1 janv, 2010.

A. T. Beck, C. H. Ward, M. Mendelson, J. Mock, and J. Erbaugh, An Inventory for Measuring Depression, Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1 juin, vol.4, issue.6, pp.561-71, 1961.

J. Wolpe and P. J. Lang, A fear survey schedule for use in behaviour therapy, Behav Res Ther. 1 mai, vol.2, issue.1, pp.27-30, 1964.

A. Simon and L. O. Ward, Variables influencing the sources, frequency and intensity of worry in secondary school pupils, Br J Soc Clin Psychol. déc, vol.13, issue.4, pp.391-397, 1974.

A. Simon and L. O. Ward, Sex-related patterns of worry in secondary school pupils

, British Journal of Clinical Psychology, 1982.

F. Tallis, G. Davey, and N. Capuzzo, The phenomenology of non-pathological worry: A preliminary investigation, Worrying: Perspectives on theory, assessment and treatment, pp.61-89, 1994.

A. Wisocki and P. , Worry as a phenomenon relevant to the elderly, Behav Ther. 1 juin, vol.19, pp.369-79, 1988.

D. M. Clark, A cognitive approach to panic, Behav Res Ther, vol.24, issue.4, pp.461-70, 1986.

D. E. Degood and R. C. Tait, The cognitive-somatic anxiety questionnaire: Psychometric and validity data, J Psychopathol Behav Assess. 1 mars, vol.9, issue.1, pp.75-87, 1987.

M. Zuckerman, B. Lubin, and C. M. Rinck, Construction of new scales for the Multiple Affect Adjective Check List, J Behav Assess. 1 juin, vol.5, issue.2, pp.119-148, 1983.

T. D. Borkovec, R. E. Pruzinsky, T. Depree, and J. A. , Preliminary exploration of worry: Some characteristics and processes, Behav Res Ther, vol.21, issue.1, pp.9-16, 1983.

M. G. Craske, R. M. Rapee, L. Jackel, and D. H. Barlow, Qualitative dimensions of worry in DSM-III-R generalized anxiety disorder subjects and nonanxious controls, Behav Res Ther, vol.27, issue.4, pp.397-402, 1989.

W. C. Sanderson and D. H. Barlow, A description of patients diagnosed with DSM-III-R generalized anxiety disorder, J Nerv Ment Dis, vol.178, issue.9, pp.588-91, 1990.

T. D. Borkovec, R. N. Shadick, and M. Hopkins, In: Chronic anxiety: Generalized anxiety disorder and mixed anxiety-depression, pp.29-51, 1991.

L. Roemer, . Molina-s, and T. Borkovec, An Investigation of Worry Content among Generally Anxious Individuals, J Nerv Ment Dis. 1 juin, vol.185, pp.314-323, 1997.

E. R. Watkins, Constructive and unconstructive repetitive thought, Psychol Bull, vol.134, issue.2, pp.163-206, 2008.

A. G. Harvey, Cognitive behavioural processes across psychological disorders: a transdiagnostic approach to research and treatment, vol.365, 2004.

A. Wells and M. I. Davies, The thought control questionnaire: A measure of individual differences in the control of unwanted thoughts, Behav Res Ther, vol.32, issue.8, pp.871-879, 1994.

S. Rachman, J. Grüter-andrew, and R. Shafran, Post-event processing in social anxiety, Behav Res Ther. 1 juin, vol.38, issue.6, pp.611-618, 2000.

T. Mellings and L. E. Alden, Cognitive processes in social anxiety: the effects of selffocus, rumination and anticipatory processing, Behav Res Ther. 1 mars, vol.38, issue.3, pp.243-57, 2000.

N. Amir, L. Cashman, and E. B. Foa, Strategies of thought control in obsessive-compulsive disorder, Behav Res Ther. 1 août, vol.35, issue.8, pp.775-776, 1997.

J. S. Abramowitz, D. F. Tolin, and G. P. Street, Paradoxical effects of thought suppression: a meta-analysis of controlled studies, Clin Psychol Rev. 1 juill, vol.21, issue.5, pp.683-703, 2001.

E. Rassin and P. Diepstraten, How to suppress obsessive thoughts, Behav Res Ther. 1 janv, vol.41, issue.1, pp.97-103, 2003.

S. Nolen-hoeksema and J. Morrow, A Prospective Study of Depression and Posttraumatic Stress Symptoms After a Natural Disaster: The 1989 Loma Prieta Earthquake, J Pers Soc Psychol. 1 août, vol.61, pp.115-136, 1991.

J. Murray, A. Ehlers, and R. A. Mayou, Dissociation and post-traumatic stress disorder: two prospective studies of road traffic accident survivors, Br J Psychiatry. avr, vol.180, issue.4, pp.363-371, 2002.

A. Ehlers, D. M. Clark, E. Dunmore, L. Jaycox, E. Meadows et al., Predicting response to exposure treatment in PTSD: The role of mental defeat and alienation, J Trauma Stress, vol.11, issue.3, pp.457-71, 1998.

S. Clohessy and A. Ehlers, PTSD symptoms, response to intrusive memories and coping in ambulance service workers, Br J Clin Psychol, vol.38, issue.3, pp.251-65, 1999.

R. Steil and A. Ehlers, Dysfunctional meaning of posttraumatic intrusions in chronic PTSD, Behav Res Ther. 1 juin, vol.38, issue.6, pp.537-58, 2000.

V. Holeva, N. Tarrier, and A. Wells, Prevalence and Predictors of Acute Stress Disorder and PTSD following Road Traffic Accidents: Thought Control Strategies and Social Support, Behav Ther. 1 déc, vol.32, pp.65-83, 2001.

R. A. Mayou, A. Ehlers, and B. Bryant, Posttraumatic stress disorder after motor vehicle accidents: 3-year follow-up of a prospective longitudinal study, Behav Res Ther. juin, vol.40, issue.6, pp.665-75, 2002.

G. Warda and R. A. Bryant, Cognitive bias in acute stress disorder, Behav Res Ther. 1 déc, vol.36, issue.12, pp.1177-83, 1998.

D. A. Williams and B. E. Thorn, An empirical assessment of pain beliefs, Pain. mars, vol.36, issue.3, pp.351-359, 1989.

M. Sullivan, S. R. Bishop, and J. Pivik, The Pain Catastrophizing Scale: Development and validation, Psychol Assess, vol.7, issue.4, pp.524-556, 1995.

C. Eccleston, G. Crombez, S. Aldrich, and C. Stannard, Worry and chronic pain patients: a description and analysis of individual differences, Eur J Pain Lond Engl, vol.5, issue.3, pp.309-327, 2001.

N. A. Troop and J. L. Treasure, Psychosocial factors in the onset of eating disorders: responses to life-events and difficulties, Br J Med Psychol. déc, vol.70, pp.373-85, 1997.

K. E. Hart and P. Chiovari, Inhibition of eating behavior: negative cognitive effects of dieting, J Clin Psychol. juin, vol.54, issue.4, pp.427-457, 1998.

K. L. Lichstein and T. L. Rosenthal, Insomniacs' perceptions of cognitive versus somatic determinants of sleep disturbance, J Abnorm Psychol, vol.89, issue.1, pp.105-112, 1980.

A. G. Harvey, Pre-sleep cognitive activity: a comparison of sleep-onset insomniacs and good sleepers, Br J Clin Psychol. sept, vol.39, pp.275-86, 2000.

A. G. Harvey, Insomnia: symptom or diagnosis?, Clin Psychol Rev, vol.21, issue.7, pp.1037-59, 2001.

F. N. Watts, K. Coyle, and M. P. East, The contribution of worry to insomnia, Br J Clin Psychol, vol.33, issue.2, pp.211-231, 1994.

A. Wicklow and C. A. Espie, Intrusive thoughts and their relationship to actigraphic measurement of sleep: towards a cognitive model of insomnia, Behav Res Ther. 1 juill, vol.38, issue.7, pp.679-93, 2000.

V. Rippere, What's the thing to do when you're feeling depressed: A pilot study, Behav Res Ther, vol.15, issue.2, pp.185-91, 1977.

S. A. Nolan, J. E. Roberts, and I. H. Gotlib, Neuroticism and Ruminative Response Style as Predictors of Change in Depressive Symptomatology, Cogn Ther Res, vol.22, issue.5, pp.445-55, 1998.

S. Nolen-hoeksema, The role of rumination in depressive disorders and mixed anxiety/depressive symptoms, J Abnorm Psychol. août, vol.109, issue.3, pp.504-515, 2000.

D. Freeman, Cognitive approaches to delusions: A critical review of theories and evidence, Br J Clin Psychol, pp.113-154, 1999.

T. Ehring and E. Watkins, Repetitive Negative Thinking as a Transdiagnostic Process. 1 sept, vol.1, pp.192-205, 2008.

P. M. Mcevoy, H. Watson, E. R. Watkins, and P. Nathan, The relationship between worry, rumination, and comorbidity: evidence for repetitive negative thinking as a transdiagnostic construct, J Affect Disord, vol.151, issue.1, pp.313-333, 2013.

S. Nolen-hoeksema, Responses to depression and their effects on the duration of depressive episodes, J Abnorm Psychol, vol.100, issue.4, pp.569-82, 1991.

L. D. Kubzansky, I. Kawachi, A. Spiro, S. T. Weiss, P. S. Vokonas et al., Is worrying bad for your heart? A prospective study of worry and coronary heart disease in the Normative Aging Study, Circulation. 18 févr, vol.95, issue.4, pp.818-842, 1997.

S. C. Segerstrom, G. F. Solomon, M. E. Kemeny, and J. L. Fahey, Relationship of worry to immune sequelae of the Northridge earthquake, J Behav Med, vol.21, issue.5, pp.433-50, 1998.

V. Starcevic, Pathological worry in major depression: A preliminary report, Behav Res Ther, vol.33, issue.1, pp.55-61, 1995.

I. Chelminski and M. Zimmerman, Pathological worry in depressed and anxious patients, J Anxiety Disord. 1 janv, vol.17, issue.5, pp.533-579, 2003.

L. L. Martin, A. Tesser, and W. D. Mcintosh, Wanting but not having: The effects of unattained goals on thoughts and feelings, Handbook of mental control, pp.552-72, 1993.

L. Martin, A. R. Tesser, and . Thoughts, Adv Soc Cogn. 1 janv, vol.9, 1996.

D. K. Thomsen, The association between rumination and negative affect: A review, Cogn Emot. 1 déc, vol.20, issue.8, pp.1216-1251, 2006.

L. A. Clark and D. Watson, Tripartite model of anxiety and depression: psychometric evidence and taxonomic implications, J Abnorm Psychol. août, vol.100, issue.3, pp.316-352, 1991.

D. M. Fresco, A. N. Frankel, D. S. Mennin, C. L. Turk, and R. G. Heimberg, Distinct and Overlapping Features of Rumination and Worry: The Relationship of Cognitive Production to Negative Affective States, Cogn Ther Res, vol.10, 2002.

C. Papageorgiou and A. Wells, Process and meta-cognitive dimensions of depressive and anxious thoughts and relationships with emotional intensity, Clin Psychol Psychother, vol.6, issue.2, pp.156-62, 1999.

E. Watkins, M. Moulds, and B. Mackintosh, Comparisons between rumination and worry in a non-clinical population, Behav Res Ther. 1 déc, vol.43, issue.12, pp.1577-85, 2005.

E. Watkins, Adaptive and maladaptive ruminative self-focus during emotional processing, Behav Res Ther. sept, vol.42, issue.9, pp.1037-52, 2004.

K. A. Mclaughlin, T. D. Borkovec, and N. J. Sibrava, The effects of worry and rumination on affect states and cognitive activity, Behav Ther. mars, vol.38, issue.1, pp.23-38, 2007.

E. Behar, A. R. Zuellig, and T. D. Borkovec, Thought and Imaginal Activity During Worry and Trauma Recall, Behav Ther, vol.36, issue.2, pp.157-68, 2005.

J. C. Blagden and M. G. Craske, Effects of active and passive rumination and distraction: A pilot replication with anxious mood, J Anxiety Disord, vol.10, issue.4, pp.243-52, 1996.

P. Spinhoven, N. Klein, M. Kennis, A. Cramer, G. Siegle et al., The effects of cognitive-behavior therapy for depression on repetitive negative thinking: A metaanalysis, Behav Res Ther. juill, vol.106, pp.71-85, 2018.

C. Papageorgiou and A. Wells, Metacognitive beliefs about rumination in recurrent major depression, Cogn Behav Pract. 1 mars, vol.8, issue.2, pp.160-164, 2001.

C. Lopatka and S. Rachman, Perceived responsibility and compulsive checking: an experimental analysis, Behav Res Ther. juill, vol.33, issue.6, pp.673-84, 1995.

M. H. Freeston, R. Ladouceur, N. Thibodeau, and F. Gagnon, Cognitive intrusions in a nonclinical population: II. Associations with depressive, anxious, and compulsive symptoms, Behav Res Ther, vol.30, issue.3, pp.263-71, 1992.

F. Langlois, M. H. Freeston, and R. Ladouceur, Differences and similarities between obsessive intrusive thoughts and worry in a non-clinical population: study 1, Behav Res Ther. févr, vol.38, issue.2, pp.157-73, 2000.

A. Wells and A. P. Morrison, Qualitative dimensions of normal worry and normal obsessions: a comparative study, Behav Res Ther, vol.32, issue.8, pp.867-70, 1994.

D. A. Clark and M. Claybourn, Process characteristics of worry and obsessive intrusive thoughts, Behav Res Ther. déc, vol.35, issue.12, pp.1139-1180, 1997.

P. Pichot, Rev Neurol (Paris), vol.142, issue.5, pp.489-99, 1986.

D. H. Barlow, E. B. Blanchard, J. A. Vermilyea, B. B. Vermilyea, and P. A. Dinardo, Generalized anxiety and generalized anxiety disorder: description and reconceptualization, Am J Psychiatry. janv, vol.143, issue.1, pp.40-44, 1986.

J. Bowlby, Attachment and loss 2. 2. New York: Basic Books, 1973.

M. Ainsworth, M. C. Blehar, E. Waters, and S. Wall, Patterns of attachment: A psychological study of the strange situation

, Patterns of attachment: A psychological study of the strange situation)

P. Muris, C. Meesters, H. Merckelbach, and P. Hülsenbeck, Worry in children is related to perceived parental rearing and attachment, Behav Res Ther. mai, vol.38, issue.5, pp.487-97, 2000.

S. P. Whiteside and A. M. Brown, Exploring the utility of the Spence Children's Anxiety Scales parent-and child-report forms in a North American sample, J Anxiety Disord. déc, vol.22, issue.8, pp.1440-1446, 2008.

K. Mickelson, R. Kessler, P. Shaver, K. D. Mickelson, R. C. Kessler et al., Adult attachment in a nationally representative sample, J Pers Soc Psychol. 1 déc, vol.73, pp.1092-106, 1997.

S. L. Warren, L. Huston, B. Egeland, and L. A. Sroufe, Child and adolescent anxiety disorders and early attachment, J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. mai, vol.36, issue.5, pp.637-681, 1997.

A. Bifulco, J. Kwon, C. Jacobs, P. M. Moran, A. Bunn et al., Adult attachment style as mediator between childhood neglect/abuse and adult depression and anxiety, Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol, vol.41, issue.10, pp.796-805, 2006.

J. Cassidy, J. Lichtenstein-phelps, N. J. Sibrava, C. L. Thomas, and T. D. Borkovec, Generalized anxiety disorder: connections with self-reported attachment, Behav Ther. mars, vol.40, issue.1, pp.23-38, 2009.

E. D. Hale, G. J. Treharne, Y. Norton, A. C. Lyons, K. Douglas et al., Concealing the evidence »: the importance of appearance concerns for patients with systemic lupus erythematosus, Lupus, vol.15, issue.8, pp.532-572, 2006.

S. Wijsbroek, W. W. Hale, Q. Raaijmakers, and W. Meeus, The direction of effects between perceived parental behavioral control and psychological control and adolescents' self-reported GAD and SAD symptoms, Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry. juill, vol.20, issue.7, pp.361-71, 2011.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00699928

T. Shanahan and C. Shanahan, Teaching Disciplinary Literacy to Adolescents: Rethinking Content-Area Literacy, Harv Educ Rev. avr, vol.78, issue.1, pp.40-59, 2008.

K. Beesdo, S. Knappe, and D. S. Pine, Anxiety and Anxiety Disorders in Children and Adolescents: Developmental Issues and Implications for DSM-V, Psychiatr Clin North Am. sept, vol.32, issue.3, pp.483-524, 2009.

H. M. Nordahl, A. Wells, C. A. Olsson, and O. Bjerkeset, Association between abnormal psychosocial situations in childhood, generalized anxiety disorder and oppositional defiant disorder, Aust N Z J Psychiatry. sept, vol.44, issue.9, pp.852-860, 2010.

T. J. Meyer, M. L. Miller, R. L. Metzger, and T. D. Borkovec, Development and validation of the Penn State Worry Questionnaire, Behav Res Ther, vol.28, issue.6, pp.487-95, 1990.

R. J. Hodgson and S. Rachman, Obsessional-compulsive complaints, Behav Res Ther. 1 janv, vol.15, issue.5, pp.389-95, 1977.

M. H. Freeston, J. Rhéaume, H. Letarte, M. J. Dugas, and R. Ladouceur, Why do people worry?, Personal Individ Differ. 1 déc, vol.17, issue.6, pp.791-802, 1994.

M. González, J. M. Bethencourt, A. Fumero, and A. Fernández,

, Psicothema. mai, vol.18, issue.2, pp.313-321, 2006.

P. M. Mcevoy, A. Mahoney, and M. L. Moulds, Are worry, rumination, and post-event processing one and the same?: Development of the repetitive thinking questionnaire, J Anxiety Disord. 1 juin, vol.24, issue.5, pp.509-528, 2010.

T. Ehring, U. Zetsche, K. Weidacker, K. Wahl, S. Schönfeld et al., The Perseverative Thinking Questionnaire (PTQ): Validation of a content-independent measure of repetitive negative thinking, J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry. 1 juin, vol.42, issue.2, pp.225-257, 2011.

R. Miranda, A. Wheeler, L. Polanco-roman, and B. Marroquín, The Future-Oriented Repetitive Thought (FoRT) Scale: A Measure of Repetitive Thinking about the Future, J Affect Disord. 1 janv, vol.207, pp.336-381, 2017.

T. D. Borkovec, The role of cognitive and somatic cues in anxiety and anxiety disorders: Worry and relaxation-induced anxiety, Anxiety and the anxiety disorders, pp.463-78, 1985.

T. D. Borkovec and J. Inz, The nature of worry in generalized anxiety disorder: a predominance of thought activity, Behav Res Ther, vol.28, issue.2, pp.153-161, 1990.

M. H. Freeston, M. J. Dugas, and R. Ladouceur, Thoughts, images, worry, and anxiety, Cogn Ther Res, vol.20, issue.3, pp.265-73, 1996.

T. D. Borkovec, W. J. Ray, and J. Stober, Worry: A Cognitive Phenomenon Intimately Linked to Affective, Physiological, and Interpersonal Behavioral Processes, Cogn Ther Res. 1 déc, vol.22, issue.6, pp.561-76, 1998.

E. Makovac, J. Smallwood, D. R. Watson, F. Meeten, H. D. Critchley et al., The verbal nature of worry in generalized anxiety: Insights from the brain, NeuroImage Clin, vol.17, pp.882-92, 2018.

J. Stoeber, S. Tepperwien, and M. Staak, Worrying leads to reduced concreteness of problem elaborations: Evidence for the avoidance theory of worry, Anxiety Stress Coping. 1 juill, vol.13, pp.217-244, 2000.

A. Paivio, Mental Representations: A Dual Coding Approach, vol.338, 1990.

D. M. Tucker and J. P. Newman, Verbal versus imaginal cognitive strategies in the inhibition of emotional arousal, Cogn Ther Res, vol.5, issue.2, pp.197-202, 1981.

T. D. Borkovec and S. Hu, The effect of worry on cardiovascular response to phobic imagery, Behav Res Ther, vol.28, issue.1, pp.69-73, 1990.

T. D. Borkovec, Worry: A potentially valuable concept, Behav Res Ther, vol.23, issue.4, pp.481-483, 1985.

T. D. Borkovec and L. Roemer, Perceived functions of worry among generalized anxiety disorder subjects: distraction from more emotionally distressing topics?, J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry. mars, vol.26, issue.1, pp.25-30, 1995.

R. Hoehn-saric, J. S. Lee, D. R. Mcleod, and D. F. Wong, Effect of worry on regional cerebral blood flow in nonanxious subjects, Psychiatry Res. 30 déc, vol.140, issue.3, pp.259-69, 2005.

M. G. Newman and S. J. Llera, A novel theory of experiential avoidance in generalized anxiety disorder: a review and synthesis of research supporting a contrast avoidance model of worry, Clin Psychol Rev. avr, vol.31, issue.3, pp.371-82, 2011.

M. Newman, L. Castonguay, T. Borkovec, and C. Molnar, Integrative psychotherapy, pp.320-50, 2004.

L. Roemer, S. M. Erisman, and S. Orsillo, Mindfulness and acceptance-based treatments for anxiety disorders, Oxf Handb Anxiety Relat Disord. 1 janv, pp.476-87, 2009.

D. Mennin, Emotion Regulation Therapy: An Integrative Approach to Treatment-Resistant Anxiety Disorders, J Contemp Psychother. 1 juin, vol.36, pp.95-105, 2006.

G. C. Davey, J. Hampton, J. Farrell, and S. Davidson, Some characteristics of worrying: Evidence for worrying and anxiety as separate constructs, Personal Individ Differ, vol.13, issue.2, pp.133-180, 1992.

F. Tallis, M. Eysenck, and A. Mathews, Elevated evidence requirements and worry. Personal Individ Differ, vol.12, pp.21-28, 1991.

R. L. Metzger, M. L. Miller, M. Cohen, M. Sofka, and T. D. Borkovec, Worry changes decision making: The effect of negative thoughts on cognitive processing, J Clin Psychol, vol.46, issue.1, pp.78-88, 1990.

T. D. Borkovec and E. Costello, Efficacy of applied relaxation and cognitive-behavioral therapy in the treatment of generalized anxiety disorder, J Consult Clin Psychol. août, vol.61, issue.4, pp.611-620, 1993.

W. Hofmann, B. Gawronski, T. Gschwendner, H. Le, and M. Schmitt, A meta-analysis on the correlation between the implicit association test and explicit self-report measures, Pers Soc Psychol Bull, vol.31, issue.10, pp.1369-85, 2005.

S. J. Llera and M. G. Newman, Effects of worry on physiological and subjective reactivity to emotional stimuli in generalized anxiety disorder and nonanxious control participants. Emot Wash DC, vol.10, pp.640-50, 2010.

L. A. Stapinski, M. J. Abbott, and R. M. Rapee, Evaluating the cognitive avoidance model of generalised anxiety disorder: impact of worry on threat appraisal, perceived control and anxious arousal, Behav Res Ther, vol.48, issue.10, pp.1032-1072, 2010.

V. Andrews and T. D. Borkovec, The differential effects of inductions of worry, somatic anxiety, and depression on emotional experience, J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry. mars, vol.19, issue.1, pp.21-27, 1988.

J. F. Thayer, B. H. Friedman, and T. D. Borkovec, Autonomic characteristics of generalized anxiety disorder and worry, Biol Psychiatry. 15 févr, vol.39, issue.4, pp.255-66, 1996.

K. Butler, . Content, C. Context, and . Lang, , vol.10, pp.3-24, 1995.

M. M. Bacon, E. A. Rood, and M. F. Washburn, A study of affective contrast. (Minor Stud. fr. Psychol. Lab. of Vassar Col., XXV.), Am J Psychol, vol.25, pp.290-293, 1914.

E. Steinfurth, M. G. Alius, J. Wendt, and A. O. Hamm, Physiological and neural correlates of worry and rumination: Support for the contrast avoidance model of worry, Psychophysiology, vol.54, issue.2, pp.161-71, 2017.

F. J. Heide and T. D. Borkovec, Relaxation-induced anxiety: Paradoxical anxiety enhancement due to relaxation training, J Consult Clin Psychol, vol.51, issue.2, pp.171-82, 1983.

A. Wells, Meta-cognition and worry: A cognitive model of generalized anxiety disorder, Behav Cogn Psychother, vol.23, issue.3, pp.301-321, 1995.

J. H. Flavell, Metacognition and cognitive monitoring: A new area of cognitivedevelopmental inquiry, Am Psychol, vol.34, issue.10, pp.906-917, 1979.

K. Francis and M. J. Dugas, Assessing positive beliefs about worry: Validation of a structured interview, Personal Individ Differ, vol.37, issue.2, pp.405-420, 2004.

A. Wells, A multi-dimensional measure of worry: Development and preliminary validation of the anxious thoughts inventory, Anxiety Stress Coping. 1 janv, vol.6, issue.4, pp.289-99, 1994.

M. J. Dugas, F. Gagnon, R. Ladouceur, and M. H. Freeston, Generalized anxiety disorder: a preliminary test of a conceptual model, Behav Res Ther. févr, vol.36, issue.2, pp.215-241, 1998.

R. Ladouceur, F. Talbot, and M. J. Dugas, Behavioral expressions of intolerance of uncertainty in worry. Experimental findings, Behav Modif. juill, vol.21, issue.3, pp.355-71, 1997.

K. Buhr and M. J. Dugas, The Intolerance of Uncertainty Scale: psychometric properties of the English version, Behav Res Ther. août, vol.40, issue.8, pp.931-976, 2002.

M. J. Dugas, M. H. Freeston, and R. Ladouceur, Intolerance of Uncertainty and Problem Orientation in Worry, Cogn Ther Res. 1 déc, vol.21, issue.6, pp.593-606, 1997.

M. J. Dugas, P. Gosselin, and R. Ladouceur, Intolerance of Uncertainty and Worry: Investigating Specificity in a Nonclinical Sample, Cogn Ther Res, vol.25, issue.5, pp.551-559, 2001.

R. Ladouceur, P. Gosselin, and M. J. Dugas, Experimental manipulation of intolerance of uncertainty: a study of a theoretical model of worry, Behav Res Ther. sept, vol.38, issue.9, pp.933-974, 2000.

C. Macleod, L. Campbell, E. Rutherford, and E. Wilson, In: Cognition, emotion and psychopathology: Theoretical, empirical and clinical directions, pp.172-89, 2004.

M. W. Eysenck, K. Mogg, J. May, A. Richards, and A. Mathews, Bias in interpretation of ambiguous sentences related to threat in anxiety, J Abnorm Psychol. mai, vol.100, issue.2, pp.144-50, 1991.

K. Mogg and B. Bradley, Attentional Bias in Generalized Anxiety Disorder Versus Depressive Disorder, Cogn Ther Res. 1 févr, vol.29, pp.29-45, 2005.

M. J. Dugas, M. Hedayati, A. Karavidas, K. Buhr, K. Francis et al., Intolerance of Uncertainty and Information Processing: Evidence of Biased Recall and Interpretations, Cogn Ther Res. 1 févr, vol.29, issue.1, pp.57-70, 2005.

A. Maydeu-olivares, D. 'zurilla, and T. J. , A factor-analytic study of the social problem-solving inventory: An integration of theory and data, Cogn Ther Res, vol.20, issue.2, pp.115-148, 1996.

G. Davey, M. Jubb, and C. Cameron, Catastrophic worrying as a function of changes in problem-solving confidence, Cogn Ther Res, vol.20, issue.4, pp.333-377, 1996.

M. J. Dugas, H. Letarte, J. Rhéaume, M. H. Freeston, and R. Ladouceur, Worry and problem solving: Evidence of a specific relationship, Cogn Ther Res. 1 févr, vol.19, issue.1, pp.109-129, 1995.

G. Davey, Pathological worrying as exacerbated problem-solving, Worrying: Perspectives on theory, assessment and treatment, pp.35-59, 1994.

T. J. D'zurilla, A. M. Nezu, A. Maydeu-olivares, E. C. Chang, D. 'zurilla et al., Social problem solving: Theory, research, and training, pp.11-27, 2004.

M. Newman and T. Borkovec, Cognitive behavioural therapy for worry and generalised anxiety disorder, pp.150-72, 2002.

L. G. Ost, Applied relaxation: description of a coping technique and review of controlled studies, Behav Res Ther, vol.25, issue.5, pp.397-409, 1987.

T. D. Borkovec, H. Hazlett-stevens, and M. L. Diaz, The role of positive beliefs about worry in generalized anxiety disorder and its treatment, Clin Psychol Psychother, vol.6, issue.2, pp.126-164, 1999.

M. R. Goldfried, Systematic desensitization as training in self-control, J Consult Clin Psychol, vol.37, issue.2, pp.228-262, 1971.

E. Andersson, E. Hedman, O. Wadström, J. Boberg, E. Y. Andersson et al., Internet-Based Extinction Therapy for Worry: A Randomized Controlled Trial, Behav Ther. mai, vol.48, issue.3, pp.391-402, 2017.

R. Covin, A. J. Ouimet, P. M. Seeds, and D. Dozois, A meta-analysis of CBT for pathological worry among clients with GAD, J Anxiety Disord, vol.22, issue.1, pp.108-124, 2008.

A. Wells and P. King, Metacognitive therapy for generalized anxiety disorder: An open trial, J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry. 1 sept, vol.37, issue.3, pp.206-218, 2006.

A. T. Beck, N. Epstein, G. Brown, and R. A. Steer, An inventory for measuring clinical anxiety: Psychometric properties, J Consult Clin Psychol, vol.56, issue.6, pp.893-900, 1988.

H. M. Nordahl, T. D. Borkovec, R. Hagen, L. Kennair, O. Hjemdal et al., Metacognitive therapy versus cognitive-behavioural therapy in adults with generalised anxiety disorder, BJPsych Open. sept, vol.4, issue.5, pp.393-400, 2018.

M. J. Dugas and R. Ladouceur, Treatment of GAD. Targeting intolerance of uncertainty in two types of worry, Behav Modif, vol.24, issue.5, pp.635-57, 2000.

G. Davey and A. Wells, Worry and its psychological disorders: theory, assessment, and treatment, 2006.

D. H. Barlow, T. J. Farchione, S. Sauer-zavala, H. M. Latin, K. K. Ellard et al., Unified Protocol for Transdiagnostic Treatment of Emotional Disorders: Therapist Guide, 2017.

J. M. Newby, A. D. Williams, and G. Andrews, Reductions in negative repetitive thinking and metacognitive beliefs during transdiagnostic internet cognitive behavioural therapy (iCBT) for mixed anxiety and depression, Behav Res Ther. août, vol.59, pp.52-60, 2014.

, Efficacy of Transdiagnostic Treatments: A Review of Published Outcome Studies and Future Research Directions -Semantic Scholar

D. Sur,

, Transdiagnostic versus diagnosis specific cognitive behavioural therapies for anxiety: A meta-analysis

N. Titov, G. Andrews, L. Johnston, R. E. Spence, and J. , Transdiagnostic Internet treatment for anxiety disorders: A randomized controlled trial, Behav Res Ther. sept, vol.48, issue.9, pp.890-899, 2010.

G. Haddock, J. Mccarron, N. Tarrier, and E. B. Faragher, Scales to measure dimensions of hallucinations and delusions: the psychotic symptom rating scales (PSYRATS)

, Psychol Med. juill, vol.29, issue.4, pp.879-89, 1999.

D. Freeman, G. Dunn, H. Startup, K. Pugh, J. Cordwell et al., Effects of cognitive behaviour therapy for worry on persecutory delusions in patients with psychosis (WIT): a parallel, single-blind, randomised controlled trial with a mediation analysis, Lancet Psychiatry. avr, vol.2, issue.4, pp.305-318, 2015.

K. Gaynor, A critical review of mindfulness-based psychological treatments for worry and rumination, Crit Rev, vol.6, 2014.

S. A. Hayes-skelton, L. Roemer, and S. M. Orsillo, A Randomized Clinical Trial Comparing an Acceptance Based Behavior Therapy to Applied Relaxation for Generalized Anxiety Disorder, J Consult Clin Psychol, vol.81, issue.5, pp.761-73, 2013.

D. Querstret and M. Cropley, Assessing treatments used to reduce rumination and/or worry: A systematic review, Clin Psychol Rev. 1 déc, vol.33, issue.8, pp.996-1009, 2013.

P. P. Kinderman and . Peter, Kinderman's blog: Times of change and opportunity: Towards a psychological model of mental health and well-being

&. Peter-kinderman and . Blog, , 2013.

R. Pemberton and T. Wainwright, The end of mental illness thinking?, Int J Clin Health Psychol. sept, vol.14, issue.3, pp.216-236, 2014.

P. Gosselin, Évaluation des inquiétudes : validation d'une traduction française du Penn State Worry Questionnaire, vol.10, 2001.

A. Wells, Cognitive therapy of anxiety disorders: A practice manual and conceptual guide, 1997.