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Master Thesis

Vécu des jeunes utilisateurs de cigarette électronique : étude qualitative menée auprès d’étudiants bordelais

Abstract : Background: the complications of chronic tobacco use are now established. However, knowing the health effects of smoking is not always enough to induce young tobacco smokers to decide to quit. Any strategy to stop smoking or reduce it should be encouraged. Electronic cigarettes (or e-cigarettes) appeared in 2006 in France. The main objective of this study was to explore the experience of young electronic cigarette users in order to determine the roles they assign to it. Methods: qualitative study among students in Bordeaux (France) by semi-structured interviews. A purposive sample was selected according to gender, smoking status and field of study. The analytical approach was the Grounded Theory. Results: twenty users of e-cigarettes (smokers or former smokers) were interviewed from March 2016 to April 2017. The use of e-cigarettes was associated with varied experiences related to the person, the object and others. The experience could encourage, slow down or not participate in the construction of identity. Three identity profiles have been described: the vaper, the dualist and the ex-smoker. Conclusions: because of its limitations, the results of this study are not generalizable to all e-cigarette users, smokers as former smokers. Nevertheless, it suggests that in a life course (or moral career), the experience of the young adult smoker with the e-cigarette contributes to the construction (or not) of a vaper identity, according to its detachment (or not) with the smoker identity.
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Master Thesis
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Submitted on : Saturday, February 29, 2020 - 12:23:11 PM
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  • HAL Id : dumas-02494765, version 1



Louis Betolaud Du Colombier. Vécu des jeunes utilisateurs de cigarette électronique : étude qualitative menée auprès d’étudiants bordelais. Médecine humaine et pathologie. 2019. ⟨dumas-02494765⟩



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