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Master Thesis

De quoi les enfants meurent-ils à Mayotte ? Étude épidémiologique descriptive des causes de mortalité des enfants de 28 jours à moins de 15 ans entre 2015 et 2017 à Mayotte

Abstract : Introduction: Mayotte is the youngest french department. It is a particular territory (social, geographical and demographic characteristics). Mortality data from the pediatric population were not available. The main objective of this work was to describe the causes of death of children in Mayotte. Methods: it was a retrospective study that included children aged from 28 days to 15 years who died in Mayotte between January 1, 2015 and December 31, 2017. Causes of death were described according to the 10th revision of the classification international disease. The different causes of death and comorbidities of patients were analyzed. Results: two hundred and fifty-nine deaths were included during the study period. Most of the children who died in the territory were between 28 days and one year old at the time of death (n = 111 or 42.9 %). The majority of deaths occurred outside a health facility (n = 146 or 56.6 %). The three main causes of death identified were external causes (n = 79 or 22.8%), respiratory diseases (n = 26 or 10 %) and congenital malformations (n = 23 or 9.8 %). Deaths from drowning accounted for 7.7 % of deaths in the study. More than a quarter of the deaths (n = 70 or 27 %) remained poorly defined. Conclusion: many of the causes of death identified in the study could be avoided by public health actions. Further studies are needed to implement appropriate prevention actions. Improving life conditions and prevention of drowning are among the most important public health issue.
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Master Thesis
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https://dumas.ccsd.cnrs.fr/dumas-02506394
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Submitted on : Thursday, March 12, 2020 - 12:26:21 PM
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Marie-Laure Claudel. De quoi les enfants meurent-ils à Mayotte ? Étude épidémiologique descriptive des causes de mortalité des enfants de 28 jours à moins de 15 ans entre 2015 et 2017 à Mayotte. Médecine humaine et pathologie. 2019. ⟨dumas-02506394⟩

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