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Master Thesis

Évaluation du niveau de connaissance de la population sur l’Infarctus du Myocarde : étude dans les pharmacies de Dordogne

Abstract : Introduction: ischemic cardiomyopathy is a main cause of hospitalization in France. The reperfusion strategy and the prognosis are directly impacted by the delays. According to the European guidelines, the first medical contact has to be an emergency medical system. This is particularly important in a rural area such as Dordogne department, where distances increase delays. Our study aims to assess the public awareness about the myocardial infarction. Method: we conducted a quantitative, observational and cross-sectional study. We collected the data with a paper survey left in random pharmacy shops of Dordogne, between June and August 2019. To be considered as sufficiently informed, people had to know at least one symptom in addition to chest pain and call emergency medical services first and without delay. Results: 434 surveys were analyzed. 26% were considered sufficiently informed. 67,7% mentioned chest pain but only 34% were able to identify several symptoms. 65% would call the emergency medical services in case of acute coronary syndrome but only 24,8% would call it first and without delay. Age, smoking and the source of information influenced significantly the awareness. After the multivariate analysis, we identified 3 misinformed people profiles and 1 sufficiently aware. Discussion: public awareness about myocardial infarction is not good enough. Too many patients miss the optimal management because they do not recognize the symptoms or do not choose the right first contact or call too late. Awareness raising campaigns should adapt their content and communication channels to the different population profiles.
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Master Thesis
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https://dumas.ccsd.cnrs.fr/dumas-02530308
Contributor : Bu Carreire Université de Bordeaux <>
Submitted on : Thursday, April 2, 2020 - 7:11:48 PM
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Odile Zamparo. Évaluation du niveau de connaissance de la population sur l’Infarctus du Myocarde : étude dans les pharmacies de Dordogne. Médecine humaine et pathologie. 2020. ⟨dumas-02530308⟩

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