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Master Thesis

Recoudre l'Empire : le Mouvement de solidarité féminine et la décolonisation de l’Algérie (1958-1964)

Abstract : At the end of the Algerian war of independence and the impeding return of Charles de Gaulle as French president, wives of army generals and high-ranking civil officials made a plea on the national radio. They called for their “Muslim sisters” to join them as to favor friendship and harmony between both communities in Algeria, torned by civil war. The “Mouvement de Solidarité Féminine” hereby created was meant to “emancipate Muslim women”, which was thought a way to reinforce the French sovereignty in Algeria and drain the nationalist strongholds. By conquering women’s hearts was part of the counter-insurgency process – but was here lead by European women of the civil society. Through the study of this movement, this works seeks to underline the articulations and interweaving of feminism and imperialism at play, as to characterize the processes and practices of “emancipation” directed at Muslim women. Showing the specificities of the Mouvement de solidarité féminine as well as underlining the role of its most prominent female members, I address notions of gender, race, modernity and decolonization in a new light. It appears that the evolution of women at play was meant to ‘Occidentalize’ them – the only acceptable model of family and womanhood being the European one. “Freed” from a devilized muslim patriarchy, indigenous women were in turn subjected to a colonial form of domination grounded on race and gender supremacy. They were kept in very traditional gender roles and politically utilized as a way to bring Algeria and the metropole closer.
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Submitted on : Thursday, April 16, 2020 - 6:01:37 PM
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Anaïs Faurt. Recoudre l'Empire : le Mouvement de solidarité féminine et la décolonisation de l’Algérie (1958-1964). Science politique. 2018. ⟨dumas-02545133⟩



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