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Master Thesis

Vécu des parents d’enfants en situation d’obésité suivis en unité d’obésité infantile de l’Hôpital d’Enfants à La Réunion

Abstract : Childhood obesity has increased tenfold in the last four decades worldwide. It is a major risk factor for obesity in adulthood and subsequent morbidities. The prevalence of childhood obesity is significantly higher on Reunion Island than in France. Reunion’s multiculturalism makes it crucial to adapt care to sociocultural representations. The objective of this study was therefore to explore the representations and the experience of parents whose children, in obesity, are cared for in the childhood obesity unit of the Children’s Hospital, on Reunion Island. This qualitative study used a general inductive analysis approach with a maximum variation sampling. Nine interviews were conducted by telephone. The parents interviewed were parents of 5 boys and 3 girls with various social backgrounds. The open analysis and initial labeling resulted in the creation of a book of 79 codes. The analysis of open codes brought out 4 categories: history, acceptance, involvement and militancy. Axial analysis showed a life history waving between justification and guilt, leading to difficulties and pain. The parents’ involvement in the care of their child brought out an unexpected notion of pleasure. Finally, the skills acquired in the course of care enabled them to fight prejudice, a source of exclusion. Beyond nutritional aspects, the care of obese children in the Reunion island should include the care of a parent experiencing difficulties and pain and try to restore pleasure in their relationship.
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Master Thesis
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Submitted on : Tuesday, May 26, 2020 - 12:39:37 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, October 15, 2020 - 3:02:37 PM


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  • HAL Id : dumas-02624816, version 1


Mary Lebleu. Vécu des parents d’enfants en situation d’obésité suivis en unité d’obésité infantile de l’Hôpital d’Enfants à La Réunion. Sciences du Vivant [q-bio]. 2020. ⟨dumas-02624816⟩



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