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Master Thesis

Co-construction d’un Projet Alimentaire Territorial (PAT) pour le territoire de la Métropole Européenne de Lille : quelle démarche d’élaboration du PAT métropolitain lillois pour répondre aux problématiques alimentaires identifiées avec la diversité des acteurs locaux ?

Abstract : Food is one of our basic needs and is closely intertwined with our daily life. Because of the ever-increasing impact of our civilization on the planet, nowadays, food is correlated with several conflicts and issues concerning its durability. For several decades, these conflicts and crisis happened to be managed at the territorial scale. The PAT’s are public schemes, defined by the Agricultural, Food and Forest Ministry, trying to construct and set up a local policy and food strategy in order to enhance the local production and consumption, to open up the food chains and to work on the social cohesion and the identity of the area. In north of France, MEL including 90 municipalities and 1.2 million inhabitants, has to deal with severe agricultural and local food issues. Since the 90’s, the MEL has set up a dialogue with the agricultural sector, and since 2016 they have voted and executed the Metropolis Strategy for Agriculture and Food (SAAM) in order to enhance a better production and food consumption. The PAT of MEL has the objective to maintain and stimulate the diversity of the food system’s stakeholders. This is done by consulting and establish local initiatives, connect the different stakeholders and serve as an incubator for new projects making local systems more sustainable. This report presents the modified and stabilized methodology chosen to implement the PAT. The methodology contains 5 main steps, 5 methods, 6 food pillars, a collaboration schedule and project tools. Three tools have been analysed and presented in this report. The consultative workshops and multi-stakeholders focus group it allows to retrieve the main aims, expertise and the arguments expressed by the local food system’s stakeholders. Social access to food, the economic aspect, health and nutritional value are the three main food pillars identified to work on. The chosen methodology to implement the PAT enables to formulate some first strategic operational objectives and pilot actions per food pillar. The methodological process brings out the diversity and the richness of local projects and stakeholders, and especially on identified territorial food problems. When they were involved, the participants have shown a strong motivation and interest. In general, the tools, the methodology and the structure developed to build an appropriate PAT have shown the need to structure a food strategy with a strong operational side involving all the local food system’s stakeholders in order to obtain more sustainable food.
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https://dumas.ccsd.cnrs.fr/dumas-02964105
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Submitted on : Thursday, October 22, 2020 - 11:46:50 AM
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Charlotte Catel. Co-construction d’un Projet Alimentaire Territorial (PAT) pour le territoire de la Métropole Européenne de Lille : quelle démarche d’élaboration du PAT métropolitain lillois pour répondre aux problématiques alimentaires identifiées avec la diversité des acteurs locaux ?. Environnement et Société. 2018. ⟨dumas-02964105⟩

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