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Master Thesis

L’influence de la grossesse et de son suivi sur les conduites addictives chez la femme enceinte à Marseille

Abstract : Introduction: Addictive behaviour is a major public health issue in France. Pregnancy is a period of vulnerability conductive to the management of addiction. The professional has at it’s disposal a wide range of tools for the prevention, screening and support for these patients. However, little study evokes the use of psychoactive substances during pregnancy , we can ask : What are the effects of pregnancy of addictive behaviours in pregnant women addict in the maternity ward of the AP-HM? Objective: Identify the real behaviours of pregnant women addicts in Marseille as well as identifying the obstacles in detecting addictive behaviours in pregnant women. Method: The distribution, while six months, of auto questionnaire to all the volunteers patients present in the diaper maternity of the hospital Conception and Nord. Main Results: According this study, the prevalence of addictive behaviours among pregnant women reflects the national trend; except for the consumption of alcohol which is lower than the national value. Indeed during pregnancy 16.55% smoked tobacco, 1.38% drank alcohol and 2.72% used cannabis. It appears from this study that the first obstacle to screening is not the fear of judgment of patient but seems to be the lack of questioning and information on the risk of these addictive behaviours encountered by health professionals during the pregnancy. Conclusion: Lack of time and training of professionals on this subject leads to non-optimal care of the patients. If they consider high risk pregnancies, then they would easily question patients with less apprehension. There is still a lot of work on this subject but the professional network is very extensive, you must consider using it fully.
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Contributor : École Universitaire de Maïeutique Marseille Méditerranée (eu3m) <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, November 4, 2020 - 3:00:21 PM
Last modification on : Saturday, November 7, 2020 - 3:25:48 AM
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  • HAL Id : dumas-02988134, version 1


Marie Bourgeois. L’influence de la grossesse et de son suivi sur les conduites addictives chez la femme enceinte à Marseille. Gynécologie et obstétrique. 2020. ⟨dumas-02988134⟩



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