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Master Thesis

Comment aborder la santé des adolescents de 11 à 16 ans dans un auto-questionnaire en vue d’une consultation chez le médecin généraliste ?

Abstract : Introduction: monitoring adolescents is complex in general medicine (GP). This work aimed to define which themes should be addressed in a self-administered questionnaire to explore the health of adolescents aged 11 to 16. Method: a qualitative study was carried out by focus group and by semi-structured individual interviews with 73 adolescents. Subjects were volunteers with written parental consent. The transcription of the verbatim was performed after anonymization of the data and then double coded using RQDA software and analyzed by grounded theory. This study is part of the Qjeunes project aimed at creating a self-administered questionnaire that meets the expectations of adolescents, parents and doctors. Results: the results show that most adolescents say they consider it useful to approach their health through different themes in GP consultation (stress, sleep, addictions, school and family violence, sexuality and self-image). Some themes are easier to talk about than others, depending on age and gender. The age of adolescents is to be taken into account for certain themes such as sexuality, gender identity or cyberstalking. Some say that the GP is not a privileged interlocutor, and say they prefer to speak to specialists. The presence of parents is a barrier to discussing these different themes, according to most adolescents. Respect for medical confidentiality is considered important. Most teens say that the self-administered questionnaire is a good tool to address these themes because writing helps them engage better. Most say they want to review their answers the same day in consultation. For adolescents, the subject should be introduced gradually into the self-administered questionnaire and then explored in depth face to face. Direct questions should be avoided. Finally, most would like more school intervention concerning bullying and sexual health, making it easier, with the self-questionnaire, to approach these themes in consultation. Conclusion: the self-administered questionnaire would be a useful and accepted tool for adolescents. It would gradually tackle sensitive themes which could then be explored in greater depth during the consultation depending on the responses. These first results will allow the development of a self-questionnaire which will be validated in future work.
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Master Thesis
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https://dumas.ccsd.cnrs.fr/dumas-03006368
Contributor : Bu Carreire Université de Bordeaux <>
Submitted on : Sunday, November 15, 2020 - 7:52:24 PM
Last modification on : Saturday, December 5, 2020 - 3:09:41 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Tuesday, February 16, 2021 - 6:21:12 PM

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  • HAL Id : dumas-03006368, version 1

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Mathilde Aubessard, Marie Corlouer, Atalante Dominguez. Comment aborder la santé des adolescents de 11 à 16 ans dans un auto-questionnaire en vue d’une consultation chez le médecin généraliste ?. Médecine humaine et pathologie. 2020. ⟨dumas-03006368⟩

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