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Master Thesis

Connaissances des patients réunionnais sur les symptômes et la conduite à tenir en cas d’infarctus du myocarde

Abstract : Background: Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) represent a major public health problem in Reunion Island. However, no survey had yet been conducted on our island to define Reunionese patients’ knowledge about AMI. Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out by using a self-administered questionnaire on patients consulting their general practitioner, in seventeen practices spread across the island. Results: 593 patients were included in the analysis. The three most common symptoms were chest pain (52.9%), speech disorder (40.8%), and shoulder pain (40.6%). Chest pain, the key symptom of AMI, was cited by only one in two patients. Major confusion with stroke was found, with speech disorder symptom coming in second and three of the first five symptoms listed being signs of stroke. In addition, more than four in ten Reunion Islanders (45.4%) did not know they had to call emergency number immediately in case of AMI. Patients who already had an AMI did not have significantly different knowledge about the symptoms or behaviour in case of AMI. Patients at high cardiovascular risk were even significantly less aware of the chest pain symptom and life-threatening emergency of AMI. Conclusion: The knowledge of Reunionese patients on AMI is deficient, particularly among those at high cardiovascular risk. An educational intervention led by the general practitioner among high-risk patients could be useful in order to improve their knowledge, in the hope of reducing the delay to seek medical care in the event of AMI.
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Master Thesis
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Submitted on : Friday, November 27, 2020 - 11:22:43 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, October 19, 2021 - 5:56:43 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Sunday, February 28, 2021 - 7:05:11 PM


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  • HAL Id : dumas-03027597, version 1


Moustapha Omarjee. Connaissances des patients réunionnais sur les symptômes et la conduite à tenir en cas d’infarctus du myocarde. Sciences du Vivant [q-bio]. 2020. ⟨dumas-03027597⟩



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