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Master Thesis

Caractérisation des profils langagiers d’enfants entre trois et huit ans pris en charge en orthophonie : intérêts d’une approche intra-individuelle

Abstract : This retrospective study questions the interest of coupling an intra-individual analysis of the performances of children with developmental language dysfunctions with the classic characterisation of inter-individual differences as the main feature of their language profiles. A sample of 250 children from three to eight years old who benefitted from a language evaluation was constituted. The sample was validated as being representative of the population of children with a language disorder, according to epidemiological studies. Two groups were constituted depending on their diagnoses : a group defined as Developmental Language Disorder (DLD) and the other one as Language Disorder Associated with a biomedical condition (LDA). The idea was to characterise the language profiles according to these two groups to show that an intra-individual analysis is essential as a complement to the inter-individual analysis. Regarding the inter-individual perspective, results indicate an expected occurrence of language disorders, affecting every language components, with a different prevalence depending on the component. The deficits are phonological in a majority of cases. These deviations from the norm are to be found in both groups. On the other hand, the research hypothesis according to which the performances’ dispersions are significantly higher in the DLD group than in the LDA group. Characterising more precisely the intra-individual distorsions enables us to analyse more specifically language functioning, especially in terms of resistance and protection factors.
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https://dumas.ccsd.cnrs.fr/dumas-03273821
Contributor : Bibliothèque Santé <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, June 29, 2021 - 3:31:13 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, July 6, 2021 - 3:37:42 AM

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  • HAL Id : dumas-03273821, version 1

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Marie Quinzin. Caractérisation des profils langagiers d’enfants entre trois et huit ans pris en charge en orthophonie : intérêts d’une approche intra-individuelle. Sciences cognitives. 2021. ⟨dumas-03273821⟩

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