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Master Thesis

Biofilms oraux et dispositifs orthodontiques fixes

Abstract : Since the advent of a society focused on aesthetics and physical appearance, orthodontic treatments have become increasingly common among the general population. However, nowadays, it is widely recognized that the placement of fixed orthodontic appliances creates a favorable environment for the accumulation of biofilm and food residues. In fact, orthodontic bands, brackets, ligatures and arches used during these treatments, hamper oral hygiene procedures and cause an accumulation of dental plaque by creating new areas of retention. The impact of these devices is therefore not without consequences on the periodontal health of patients.
Numerous studies have already evaluated the effects of fixed orthodontic appliances on the retention of dental plaque and endogenous flora. However, few studies have evaluated, and individually compared, with precision, the effect of different orthodontic devices used during treatment.
This work therefore aims to compare the accumulation and aggregation of dental plaque on different devices. First on different brackets: ceramic, self-ligating and conventional metal. Then on different ligatures: elastomeric and metallic. With this in mind, an analysis of the literature on the retention of dental biofilm on the main fixed orthodontic devices used in orthodontics was carried out in order to offer patients the least harmful orthodontic devices possible.
Document type :
Master Thesis
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Contributor : Bibliothèque Universitaire de Médecine Nice Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Thursday, July 1, 2021 - 3:56:33 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, December 7, 2021 - 4:10:58 PM


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  • HAL Id : dumas-03276038, version 1


Héloïse Paggetti. Biofilms oraux et dispositifs orthodontiques fixes. Médecine humaine et pathologie. 2021. ⟨dumas-03276038⟩



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